IJ@

International Journal of Anarchism

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Bulletin of the Anarchist International


IJ@/FB 4 (24) 1994 - 3 (26) 1996.
The anarchist velvet revolutionary change in Norway 1994/95 and close after.


This file a) starts with an introduction presenting a short note on the Anarchist Federation of/in Norway (AFIN) and the anarchist velvet revolutionary change in Norway 1994/95 as a background, and b) includes a complete documentation of all the issues of IJ@/fb from 4 (24) 1994 to 3 (26) 1996, when the velvet anarchist revolutionary change was rather stabilized at about 53% anarchy. The corresponding coordinates of the Norwegian social system on the economical-political map was ca 52% autonomy and ca 55% socialism, i.e. anarchy, social individualist anarchism, however somewhat far from the anarchist ideal of 100% socialism and autonomy, communist anarchism, at the top of the economical political map. The Norwegian system's coordinates and place on the economical political map after the revolutionary change are indicated by the stars on the figures below.

Anarchy in Norway, of low degree, but > 50%, is registered since 1994/95. The revolutionary change, i.e. when Norway entered the social-individualist sector of the anarchist quadrant of the economic-political map, is i) rooted back to a domestic megatrend to the right and upwards on the economical-political map, ii) the No to EU referendum 28.11.1994, and iii) more actions, that iv) gave the marxist matriarch Gro Harlem Brundtland and her authoritarian government an economic-political uppercut, which v) stopped the ruling and turned the system into relatively anarchist administration/management. The development of the libertarian/anarchist degree in Norway related to the velvet revolution and revolutionary change in 1994/95 is estimated to the following: 11-27.11.1994 = ca 49,4% (state); 28-29.11.1994 = ca 51% (anarchy); 01.03.1995 = ca 52%; 01.06.1995 = ca 53%; 01.10.1995 = ca 53%, a stabilized anarchy of low degree. The term "ca" means about. 28.11.1994 is celebrated as the Day of the Anarchist Revolution in Norway, by libertarians.


INTRODUCTION

A SHORT NOTE ON THE ANARCHIST FEDERATION OF NORWAY AFIN-ANORG

The anarchist movement - the trendsetter in the fight for more socialism and autonomy, joined forces and founded the Anarchist Federation of Norway, - Anarkistføderasjonen i Norge - Anarkistenes Organisasjon, in September 1977. Among the early affiliates were Arnold Hazeland Jr., at that time a leader at the "Fri Rettshjelp" (free legal action support), also a lawyer as his grandfather, the prominent high court judge and probably the most famous anarchist in Norwau until 1945 Arnold Hazeland; a young relative of Christopher Hansteen, relatives of people related to Rasmus Steinsvik, old anarchosyndicalists, and others, i.e. industrial workers, farmers, teachers, cultural workers, lawyers, artists, journalists, students, all kinds of people. The Anarchist Federation formed a junction vis-à-vis the domestic megatrend to the right and upwards on the economical political map in the late nineteen eighties and early nineties, i.e. in the fight for more autonomy and freedom, but against plutarchist (capitalist) tendencies. A fight for less rank and income differences, more efficiency and fairness, and against political/administrative and economical bureaucracy broadly defined, in private and public sector, within the country and internationally.

In 1979 The Anarchist Federation affiliated to the Anarchist International, IFA, The Anarchist Black Cross, ABC; and the Community Action Network, CAN. In 1982 the first IFA Congress in the North was arranged in Oslo by AFIN, constituting the different other Northern IFA-sections, i.e. Swedish, Danish, Finnish, etc. and confirming the Internationals of the different anarchist currents within the framework of the general Anarchist International, i.e. eco-anarchist, anarcho-feminist, -syndicalist, individualist, collectivist, as well as the Internationals of commune/communist Anarchism and social individualist Anarchism, including socialist, federalist and mutualist anarchism; and the libertarian international of teetotallers. Also the International Anarchist Tribunal, IAT, with the Anarchist Arbitration Court, say, suggested by Pjotr Kropotkin already in 1910, the Anarchist Press Tribunal, and other branches was founded at this congress. Several congresses and actions were arranged during the years passing by. Early in the 1980s the Anarchist International University Federation - Anarkistisk Universitetslag, was officially established, and in 1985 the International Institute for Organization Research, IIFOR, the main research institute of the anarchist movement was founded.

The IIFOR, and the research-groups of the Northern IFA-sections in general, joined the FICEDL, the libertarian research network, officially in 1987, however anarchist researchers related to NAC-IFA had also participated on earlier arrangements of the FICEDL network. A. Hompland together with other anarchists started Folkebladet/IJ@ in 1971, and this journal became later the organ of the Anarchist Federation. Since 1984 H. Fagerhus has been the editor of IJ@/Folkebladet. In 1982/83 Folkebladet became the common and main organ of the NAC, the Northern Anarchist Confederation, and in 1984, including IFA-Solidaritet etc, was established as the International Journal of Anarchism. The currents of anarchism mentioned above were also confirmed as sections of the Anarchist International in the Anarchist Manifesto, the program of the Northern sections of IFA, ISBN 82-90468-09-1, see Folkebladet No 4 (1983) and IFA-Solidaritet No 8 (1983). When the Anarchist International world wide was confirmed at the International Anarchist Congresses in 1998 and 2000, these main sections of anarchism were expanded universally.

The researcher P. Johansen said in Dagens Næringsliv (Today's Industrial Life) 08.02.2002 in a retrospective interview that "den gangen hadde Norge en regulert økonomi og nærmest en ettpartistat", i.e. "at that time Norway had a regulated economy and close to a one-party state". The country had a marxian socialdemocratic type a bit socialistical system related to the economical political map; most of the time ruled and dominated strongly by the powerful Labor Party, Arbeiderpartiet (AP), from 1945/6 first clearly authoritarian, later slowly less authoritarian until 1993/4.

THE ANARCHIST REVOLUTIONARY CHANGE IN 1994/95

THE DOMESTIC MEGATREND - THE EU REFERENDUM - AND MORE...

28.11.1994 the marxist PM & Co's effort to break the domestic megatrend towards anarchy, by establishing supra-national bureaucracy, was crushed by the EU-referendum. 3 266 064 had the right to vote, 89,0 % participated and 52,2 % voted no. The supra-national Brussels-bureaucracy had to return, the Norwegian system made a revolutionary change, and passed the border to the anarchist quadrant on the EP map. Before the referendum the ruling system virtually and in many ways practically and mentally was "in" the European Union. The only that lacked was de facto the "keys" to the offices... The "NO!" turned the whole thing upside down... The marxist matriarch, called the "Yes to EU Queen" in the newsmedia, and ruling powerful according to this title, de facto abdicated as an arch, kept a low profile in the newsmedia, retired to significant confederal/central administration only, and left the system significant to anarchy rules - OK - in the following time.

After the referendum the CNN (after a little help from the AIT/AIIS, Anarkistenes Informasjonstjeneste/Anarchist International Information Service, the anarchist newsagency) reports: "an almost perfect society", about the Norwegian economic-political system.

The Northern Anarchist Confederation - Anarkistenes organisasjon i Norden, expressed the following view:

At the EU referendum 28.11.1994, the Norwegian People turned their back against the main economic political course of the social democrat government. While the Norwegian EEC referendum in the early seventies gave a movement to the left on the economic political map, the megatrend of the late eighties and early nineties was a movement to the right and upwards. The EU referendum indicated a further jump in this direction, and thus the economic political system in Norway made a revolutionary change, and passed the border between the marxist social democrat sector and the anarchist sector of social individualism. This of course is a major social event in the economic political world history.

A long jump further rightwards may result in a social liberal system, and a reverse tendency may give a retardation to marxist social democracy, but this is not the case at the moment.

Although the system by now is significantly anarchist, i.e. within the Quadrant of Anarchism on the economic political map, it is somewhat far from the anarchist ideal on the top of the map. Thus, it is plenty of room for improvement from anarchist perspective, and by no means time for a break in the fight against authoritarian tendencies. The revolution must be fought permanent, in the daily life, to sustain and develope further. However, as long as a) Norway stays out of EU, b) populist and nationalist tendencies are put at place, and c) the left and right tendencies outbalance each other reasonable as by now, Norway will probably stay anarchist, and be a lighthouse for EU and the rest of the world.

Let's work together, on co-operative or individual basis, in media, political and economic organizations, to support the Anarchy of Norway and anarchist tendencies all over the world.

After the revolutionary change, the coordinates of the Norwegian social system are ca 55% socialism and ca 52% autonomy on the Economic-political map. Thus, the degree of anarchy is about 53%, and the system is significant anarchist. And thus, the bureaucratic tendency broadly defined, i.e. the tendencies towards economical and political/administrative hierarchy, - plutarchy (capitalism) and statism in different forms, oligarchy, polyarchy and ochlarchy included, - measured by the authoritarian degree, is about 47%. Although not the significant, i.e. the system is clearly more anarchist than authoritarian, it has a considerable bureaucratic tendency, an obstacle against maximal efficiency and fairness, as well as anarchist human rights & ethics and a further movement towards the anarchist ideal.

*) The stars indicate the position of the Norwegian economical-political system after the revolutionary change in 1994/95, at ca 53% degree of anarchy.
The development of the libertarian/anarchist degree in Norway related to the velvet revolution and revolutionary change in 1994/95 is estimated to the following:
11-27.11.1994 = ca 49,4% (state) ; 28-29.11.1994 = ca 51% (anarchy) ; 01.03.1995 = ca 52% ; 01.06.1995 = ca 53% ; 01.10.1995 = ca 53%, a stabilized anarchy of low degree.
The system made a " ) " shaped move from about [= ca] 49,4% libertarian degree and located close to the middlepoint of the map within the marxist quadrant
11- 27.11.1994,
toward the star on the map in the middle of 1995, with ca 53% degree of anarchism.

Read more about it at (click on:)
http://www.anarchy.no/a_nor.html .

As mentioned, after the referendum the CNN (after a little help from the AIT/AIIS) reported: "an almost perfect society" etc, about the Norwegian economic-political system.

And this was a good thing because a) the bad losers of the EU-referendum, say, the matriarch Gro Harlem Brundtland and Utenriksdepartementet, The Norwegian Foreign Department, sent out harmful authoritarian propaganda and disinformation, telling Norway was or would be a populist, nationalist, mercantilist, "nisselueland", with a bad economy, on TV etc. internationally, and thus b) the Norwegian exchange rate and prices of shares turned downwards, the interest rate went upwards, and Norway would probably be sent into an economical depression with large unemployment, if not c) Lou Dobbs at CNN and other international newsmedia had reported the truth - that the Norwegian economy was very sound, and the economical political system was sound, and indicated it would probably be more sound, and d) thus the exchange rate went upwards, the value of the shares rised again, and interest rate went down, and thus a hike in the interest rate and a depression with big unemployment were avoided.

Afterwards the Norwegian economy relatively has been one of the strongest in the world, but if Gro Harlem Brundtland and UD had managed to start a bad economical spiral downwards, as they were up to, the Norwegian economy would perhaps never recovered and be as good as it has been over the years passing by since 1994.

"Thanks to Lou, the editors of CNN and other international media supporting AIT and the new anarchist political economical system of Norway in the early days of the revolutionary change. Perhaps we all togheter "changed the world" slightly, slightly, slightly i.e. at least on behalf of Anarchism in Norway and the Norwegian people. It must be clear that the relevant press releases sent by telefax from AIT to CNN etc. before and soon after the EU-referendum, also of course accounted for the friendly replies from Lou Dobbs at CNN and the other international media on the air, via the influence on the economy, probably were worth billions to the Norwegian people a.o.t., in the following years", says A. Quist, the internationally well known anarchofeminist and co-writer of the Anarchofeminist Manifesto of 1982. A brief summary of the most important information and press releases sent from the AIT/AIIS before and after the EU-referendum 1994-95, and the responding of the international newsmedia-giants, was published in IJ@/Fb No 4 (24) 1994, 1 (25) and 2 (25) 1995.

NB! When reading the IJ@/Fb No 4 (24) 1994, 1 (25) and 2 (25) 1995, etc, the text should be interpreted according to the updated research front of anarchism today. Say a.o.t., the concept of the degree of anarchy has been more strictly defined, and is no longer used for systems outside the anarchist quadrant of the Economical-Political map, using instead the authoritarian degree (or the libertarian degree broadly defined, including semilibertarian degree = 100% - the authoritarian degree). The most basic mathematical ecocirc formulas related to the Economical-Political map have of course not been changed, but the words used per definition in this connection have been changed a bit to make it a bit more clear what is anarchist and what is not, i.e. semilibertarian and authoritarian.

The situation during the anarchist revolutionary change was quite dramatic, especially in the days just around the referendum and the following months. IJ@/Fb No 4 (24) reported:

EU-strategien ble i hovedsak lagt i 1988, og pressetaktikken på Anarkistbiennalen i Oslo 1994, det 3. kombinerte IFA-FICEDL kongress-seminaret den 2.11. Og alt har gått over forventning i forhold til planene. Det internasjonale pressekorpset som samlet seg i Oslo til folkeavstemningen, ble som ventet avspist med JA-propagandaen fra UD's Internasjonale Pressesenter på "Vestbanen" i Oslo. Pressen ante fort at propagandaen ikke stemte helt. UD's materiale samsvarte bl.a dårlig med det en kunne se med egne øyne. Pressen ønsket naturligvis noe mer troverdig - en kontrast til regjeringspropagandaen. Dermed var bordet duket for det anarkistiske alternativet, som kom med korrekt informasjon, i motsetning til Ja-regjeringens desinformasjon. Og så begynte ballen å rulle... Før folkeavstemningen i Sverige sendte vi [bl.a] en melding med overskriften "Sweden and Norway: Say no!".

Mange anarkister deltok også i den generelle NEI til EU folkebevegelsen, IJ@/Fb hadde argumentert aktivt mot EU i flere år, og man hadde kjørt frem disse argumentene i en rekke fora. Ragnar Frischs artikkel om "Det uopplyste pengevelde", med brodd mot EU, ble trykt opp igjen og sirkulerte i økonom-kretser, etc. Det var en kjempemobilisering frem til folkeavstemningen.

I Sverige ble det jo ja-flertall, og i Norge nei. Den internasjonale pressen hadde imidlertid fått et helt feilaktig inntrykk av grunnen til nei-et i Norge, og dette avspeilte seg bl.a i de første nyhetssendingene på CNN, SKY og TV5. Det var da det var på tide å markere seg som et bedre alternativ til UD's Ja-propaganda. Vi sendte til hele det internasjonale nettet, men tar her bare med utgaven til CNN.

To CNN: Please stop spreading disinformation about the Norwegian EU-referendum. There were no significant "Nationalistic" and "Non-internationalistic" arguments in the debate. The main argument goes like this (in academic terms): NORWAY SAYS "NO"! 1. Membership in The European Union represents probably a movement towards more [degree of] statism and capitalism, and thus towards less efficient production, less justice, and larger difference in rank and income, i.e. a movement away from anarchy [NB! this was a situation of an anarchist revolutionary change, the authoritarian tendencies of the marxian matriarchy was crushed, and the Anarchy of Norway was emerging, but was not yet quite stabile] in authoritarian direction. The feminist, environmental and intergenerational perspectives are also included in this analysis. 2. A vast majority among The Anarchists in Norway and Sweden think so, and voted NO at the referendums. 3. The Norwegian and Swedish People in general were advocated to do the same: Vote NO to membership in The European Union at the referendum! 4. In Sweden and Norway the majority of the people voted NO, but the bureaucracy and its ramifications voted yes at large. The larger and shrewder Swedish bureaucracy managed to defeat the people, but the Norwegian did not. Thus [after the anarchist revolutionary change] Norway confirmed its position as a land with relatively high degree of anarchy, and - together with Switzerland*) country - a lighthouse for the authoritarian European Union.

Og det gikk ikke mange minuttene før CNN endret på reportasjene. Det ble snakket om "the almost perfect society" (= anarki) [Say, Lou Dobbs and other reporters at CNN were clearly responding to the AIT/AIIS press releases] etc, og alt pratet om nasjonalisme og nisselue ble søkk borte. Dessuten ble reportasjen utvidet betraktelig. Dette hadde også en positiv effekt på avisene i USA, og New York børsen. Kronekursen gikk opp og renten ned.

The fight for the velvet anarchist revolution was however not yet over - and it developed into a permanent revolution, it was necessary to crush repeated contrarevolutionary attacks, from the Yes to EU organizations and statist and/or capitalist tendencies in general. Say, soon after the referendum a contrarevolutionary attack from the Yes-ministers - and some private bureaucratical tendencies aiming at plutarchy - tried to stop foreign investment in Norway - and recommended large scale "outflagging/utflagging" for the Norwegian investors as well, and thus stab a dagger in the back of the new, emerging, anarchist system. The aim was probably to start an economical depression, and thus clear the ground for a new EU referendum and perhaps a Yes majority later on, based on a.o.t. the argument "What did we say before the referendum! The political economy in Norway will be bad, if the country doesn't become a member of the European Union". Anyway a call for a new referendum was mentioned in the newsmedia.

Det ble snakket om krise i norsk næringsliv og om kapitalflukt fra Norge, samt investeringer i Sverige, og dette måtte naturligvis også motvirkes. Dermed var det duket for en ny pressemelding [til CNN, SKY-NEWS, TV5, etc, men også til norsk presse], som også ble fulgt opp av den internasjonale pressen, og kronekursen gikk ytterligere opp og renten ned. Dermed var sannheten om Norges relativt gode økonomi festet i den internasjonale opinionen så langt:

Investment in production v.s. bureaucracy: An interesting social experiment takes place in Scandinavia. Two countries, Norway and Sweden, with approximately the same type economic-political system... initially, have chosen different connection to Europe. Sweden has joined The European Union, and Norway has not. A comparative analysis so far shows the following: Sweden will invest approximately 2 billions US $ next year in net contigent to the EU-bureacracy, i.e. "for a seat in Brussel", while Norway will save about 1 billion $, which may be used for productive investments. The Swedish are discussing who's going to pay the bill. Perhaps somebody will try to put it indirectly on foreign investment etc. in Sweden, rather than pay it themselves?

This payment, i.e. via more taxes, is a.o.t. just what happened later on. Investigations of the development in unemployment, median and average income, bureaucracy and system cost, and other economical indicators, indicate a relative success for the Anarchy of Norway compared to the EU-bureaucratic Sweden, also seen apart from the net benefits from the oil-industry. The bureaucratic authoritarian rule of the marxian matriarch had kept the Norwegian political-economical system both inefficient and unfair, based on statism: "Gro Harlem Brundtland har på sin side hatt makta, og hun har visst å bruke den... historien om en politiker-gruppes kamp mot folket... Ei lekse i maktbruk." slo Nationen fast 29.11.1994, i.e. meaning something like Gro Harlem Brundtland had very much had the power and used it in a rather machiavellian way. And this was most likely a very correct observation. The anarchist revolution changed the Norwegian economical political system towards somewhat less authoritarian tendencies, the system moving also bit to the right, passing the border from the marxian social-democrat to the anarchist quadrant on the economical-political map. The grip of the statism of the marxist matriarch loosened, the degree of statism was reduced a few percent in the following time, following the megatrend towards more autonomy. The marxist matriarch stopped being a matriarch, i.e ruler, in real terms, retiring to a passive administrative role. The message to the foreign and domestic investors were:

At the moment it seems like Norway is the most interesting for domestic and foreign investment. Better to invest in a stabil anarchy compared to a growing bureaucratic chaos. Ja-siden la jo ikke inn årene av den grunn, og hver gang det har toppet seg, har vi stått på... og vi har gode relasjoner til f.eks CNN og SKY-NEWS, som et pålitelig alternativt pressebyrå...

And both foreign and domestic realinvestments in Norway continued in a reasonable way, compared to Sweden and the European Union in general.

15.12.1994 the contrarevolutionary tendencies against the new established Anarchy, the bad losers call for a new referendum and trying to sabotage the people's clear No majority -- were halted somewhat for a while when the editor Kåre Valebrokk of the industrial-paper Dagens Næringsliv, in a one page commercial in Aftenposten, the largest non-tabloid Norwegian newspaper, a) with a picture of the internationally well known Norwegian anarchist and play-writer Henrik Ibsen declaring his famous word of wisdom "Bedst var det, kan hænde, det gik, som det gik...", and b) himself adding a.o.t. "Hva var det vi mistet, hva var det vi fikk... Det er nye tider nå.", indicating it was after all best that the result at the referendum was No to the European Union, and not Yes, and that an anarchist economical-political system was established.

The AIT/AIIS press release titled "Kåre vs Gro", published 23.12.2002 reported a.o.t. about this, and also a) that the PM Gro Harlem Brundtland had no credibility after telling lies for open TV-screen about the LO's (workers' union) statement against the EU in the main EU-debate program at the NRK-TV, the Norwegian public broadcasting, just before the referendum, Brundtland saying wrongly the LO was for the European Union, and that b) it was generally not a good thing for a prime minister to loose self control and telling lies in public, at critical situations, - as she did, however not only this time, but several times mentioned in the newsmedia. The fight against contrarevolutionary tendencies had to continue, and still goes on.... The debates, reflecting the peoples perspective via the public room, about the European Union and Norwegian politics for the 21st century in general, arranged by Folkebladet - at www.anarchy.no, clearly show that the fight against authoritarian and non-anarchist tendencies is still very much on the agenda in Norway.

22.05.1995 dokumenterte Dagens Næringsliv over en dobbeltside "hvordan ja-sidens dommedagsprofetier er gjort til skamme": "Alt har gått bedre i norsk økonomi siden Norge sa nei til EU 28. november i fjor. Renten har falt, veksten har økt, budsjettunderskuddet er forduftet og investeringene skyter i været". DN reported about major improvements in the economy 22.05.1995.

The connection between AIT/AIIS and CNN in those years (1994-95) was officially confirmed in a letter from a CNN/Turner official indicating a.o.t. the information from AIT/AIIS was interesting and intelligent. As this is perhaps a political document of some interest we will describe it a bit more. The envelope has the Turner logo and the sender organization's name is "Turner Broadcasting International Limited", adressed to S. Olsen, Anarkistenes Informasjonstjeneste, c/o F.B. P.B. 4777 Sofienberg N - 0506 Oslo, Norway. The letter, dated 7 March 1995, says a.o.t. the following: "Dear S. Olsen, Thank you very much for comments on the network's programming. We appreciate your feedback... We [however] do not have the capacity to reply to each of your faxes in turn. They are very informative but also quite substantial!... Thank you for your cooperation. With best whises, Dale Langley - Press Officer. CNN INTERNATIONAL," i.e. at the CNN's London office, UK.

"Well, 'plenty all right - too much no good' as one of our other councillors often says, - anyway we spread the telefaxes from AIT/AIIS on different offices of CNN and other newsmedia to be more co-operative. Our aim of those days a) was not necessarily that CNN, SKY-NEWS, French TV5, EURONEWS, etc., and the large internationally distributed newspapers, say, New York Times, Washington Post, etc, should reply and respond to all of the information we sent, but to have some influence in anarchist direction if possible, b) we sent much about the anarchist economical political system in Norway, anarchism and other -isms, and libertarian policy in general, so the giant international newsmedia could have an alternative to the governments' and tendencies towards authoritarian and authorities' -- propaganda, and a lot of information in the libertarian field of research, - for the newsmediagiants to choose from in a freedomly way.

And our, the AIT/AIIS's, influence via the international media must of course not be exaggerated at all, however when we had a new, good and sound argument in libertarian direction perhaps it had a slight influence indirectly or directly, now and then, on what was sent on the air, i.e. the CNN network's programming and other newsmedia's. But the usual "manufacturing of consent" according to Noam Chomsky's research, where the media are acting more as the 4th power of the State, in societal perspective, than a free press, was in those days, as well as today, clearly the main tendency. There is however possibly a slight development towards more free newsmedia reporting in a libertarian way, say less Brown Card convicts of the International Anarchist Tribunal, over time from 1994 and until now. But this is probably due to a libertarian megatrend, and perhaps not much related to the work of AIT/AIIS" says S. Olsen, spokesperson of AIT/AIIS, reflecting over the past work of the anarchist newsagency, at the time when the now rather outdated telefax-machines of the AIT/AIIS network were used a lot, and of the replies from the giant international newsmedia:

"I guess David had much more luck against the giant Goliath -- and the militants using the Trojan horse in the old days also --, than we had vis-à-vis the international and domestic newsmedia, but now and then the AIT/AIIS 'underdog' anarchist news agency probably managed to hit the many headed giant international media-troll so it made a slight change of behavior in libertarian direction, i.e. the troll hit the authorities or went against authoritarian tendencies, or (very rare) supported anarchism more directly, especially internationally. But seen all in all, a) the influence of AIT/AIIS news and comments related to the EU-referendum in 1994-95 via the international newsmedia, was probably the most important and direct, b) the influence in general, outside what is reported about case a) in IJ@/Fb No 4 (24) 1994, 1 (25) and 2 (25) 1995, must not be exaggerated, and was probably usually quite marginal if any at all, - however c) a useful network was established and d) AIT/AIIS got a reputation about beeing a serious anarchist newsagency and source for libertarian information, that still holds good today.

Today, in the days of Internet and e-mails, we have reports about several anarchist journalists in different newsmedia, and the www.anarchy.no and IJ@ etc. get a lot of interesting feedback in general. Anarchy is on the air as never before according to reports, i.e. in a positive way, but anarchism has still not achieved much influence on the media in general, i.e. say, about proportional to having 25% of the area on the economical political map. This may perhaps to some extent be due to problems with the double meaning of the word rule in anglophone languages, meaning both A. "regel = relatively fixed ways to settle things in an orderly way, i.e. regulations and regulatory means" and B. "herske/archein" in Norwegian/Greek, from hersker/archos, i.e. be and/or act as an arch, authoritarian, bestiality. This problem represents an anglophone Orwellian "1984" "newspeak and doublethinking" tendency, as only the meaning B. of the word rule is relevant in anarchist context. AIIS/AIT has however plans of continuing the information work, domestic and internationally, now as the official newsagency of the Anarchist International, and hope for good co-operation with the domestic and international news-mediagiants, both generally and in especially important cases. An aim is over time to increase the percentage 'marketshare' in the meaning of the amount of covering about anarchy and anarchism defined in a libertarian, i.e. realistic - not authoritarian, way, in the media."

The development of the libertarian/anarchist degree in Norway related to the velvet revolution and revolutionary change in 1994/95 is estimated to the following: 11-27.11.1994 = ca 49,4% (state) ; 28-29.11.1994 = ca 51% (anarchy) ; 01.03.1995 = ca 52% ; 01.06.1995 = ca 53% ; 01.10.1995 = ca 53%, a stabilized anarchy of low degree. The system made a " ) " shaped move from about [= ca] 49,4% libertarian degree and located close to the middlepoint of the map within the marxist quadrant 11-27.11.1994, toward the star on the map in the middle of 1995, with ca 53% degree of anarchism.

The libertarian music of the FABS , the Federalist Anarchist Beat Society, was a major source of inspiration for the Anarchist Federation of Norway, AFIN, and the Anarchist International Information Service, AIIS, during the velvet revolutionary change. FABS was mentioned in FB/IJA 2(24) 1994...

28.11.1995 marked one year of anarchy in Norway. The coordinates of the system have not changed significantly since June 1995. Thus, the anarchist revolution is permanent, and the fight against authoritarian elements is working well.

GOODBYE TO THE MARXIST MATRIARCHY - CREATION OF WORKERS' COUNCILS

The marxist landsmodern PM Gro Harlem Brundtland, i.e. matriarch of the Labor Party (Arbeiderpartiet - AP), had been the big looser of the EU-referendum.

In october 1996 the PM Gro Harlem Brundtland was replaced by Thorbjørn Jagland, from the same party, AP.

In november 1996 the planning councillor for the PM Jagland's "House of Norway", Terje Rød-Larsen, a former UN-architect of the PLO-state, met his "Watergate" because of a corrupt tendency, the Fideco case, and resigned (27.11.1996), and a possible stronger marxist bureaucratic power tendency at the council of the central administration, was avoided.

Together with the national confederation of the workers (Landsorganisasjonen, LO), Jagland introduced workers' councils, to make the system more democratic. However the lot of them were marxist co-operate councils, initiated from the top of the Labor Party and LO, and they didn't last long, see more information at the Norwegian Anarchist Council .


fb/IJ@ 4 (24) 1994:

REFERENDUM OG LEVENDE ANARKI
[Referendum and living anarchy]

AIT - Anarkistenes Informasjonstjeneste ved Anarkistisk Universitets­lag/UiO-Blinderen i Oslo, har "tatt av" skikkelig, og blitt ANORG's største pressesuksess hittil. AIT har bl.a klart å komme "under huden" på CNN, SKY-NEW etc., som har begynt å praktisere Oslo-konvensjonen fra 1990, etter aksjoner i kjølvannet på EU-avstemningen.

ANORG-IFAs EU-strategi ble i hovedsak lagt i 1988, og pressetaktikken på Anarkistbiennalen i Oslo 1994, det 3. kombinerte IFA-FICEDL kongressseminaret den 2.11. Og alt har gått over forventning i forhold til planene.

Det internasjonale presse­korpset som samlet seg i Oslo til folkeavstemningen, ble som ventet avspist med JA-propagandaen fra UD's Internasjonale Pressesenter på "Vestbanen" i Oslo. Pressen ante fort at propagandaen ikke stemte helt. UD's materiale samsvarte bl.a dårlig med det en kunne se med egne øyne. Pressen ønsket naturligvis noe mer troverdig - en kontrast til regjeringspropagandaen. Dermed var bordet duket for det anarkistisk alternativet, som kom med korrekt informasjon, i motsetning til Ja-regjeringens desinformasjon. Og så begynte ballen å rulle...

I de neste utgivelsene av Folkebladet vil vi bl.a trykke de mest sentrale presse­meldingene fra AIT. Hensikten er å belyse

a) hva AIT har bidratt med for å få fram et sannere bilde av Norge og Norden i den internasjonale opinionen, og

b) hvordan våre korrigerende tips og meldinger rent konkret endret nyhetsbildet og reportasjene, etter hvert som vi sendte dem ut.

Før folkeavstemningen i Sverige sendte vi en melding med overskriften "Sweden and Norway: Say no!". I Sverige ble det jo ja-flertall, og i Norge nei. Den internasjonale pressen hadde imidlertid fått et helt feilaktig inntrykk av grunnen til nei-et i Norge, og dette avspeilte seg bl.a i de første nyhets­sendingene på CNN, SKY og TV5. Det var da det var på tide å markere seg som et bedre alternativ til UD's Ja-propaganda. Vi sendte til hele det internasjonale nettet, men tar her bare med utgaven til CNN.

To CNN

Please stop spreading disinformation about the Norwegian EU-referendum. There were no significant "Nationalistic" and "Non-internationalistic" arguments in the debate. The main argument goes like this (in academic terms):

NORWAY SAYS "NO"!

1. Membership in The European Union represents probably a movement towards more statism and capitalism, and thus towards less efficient production, less justice, and larger difference in rank and income, i.e a movement away from anarchy in authoritarian direction. The feminist, environmental and intergenerational perspectives are also included in this analysis.

2. A vast majority among The Anarchists in Norway and Sweden think so, and voted NO at the referendums.

3. The Norwegian and Swedish People in general were advocated to do the same: Vote NO to membership in The European Union at the referendum!

4. In Sweden and Norway the majority of the people voted NO, but the bureaucracy and its ramifications voted yes at large. The larger and shrewder Swedish bureaucracy managed to defeat the people, but the Norwegian did not. Thus Norway confirmed its position as a land with relatively high degree of anarchy, and - together with Switzerland*) - a lighthouse for the authoritarian European Union.

Og det gikk ikke mange minuttene før CNN endret på reportasjene. Det ble snakket om "the almost perfect society" (= anarki) etc, og alt pratet om nasjonalisme og nisselue ble søkk borte. Dessuten ble reportasjen utvidet betraktelig. Dette hadde også en positiv effekt på avisene i USA, og New York børsen. Kronekursen gikk opp og renten ned. Det ble snakket om krise i norsk næringsliv og om kapitalflukt fra Norge, samt investeringer i Sverige, og dette måtte naturligvis også motvirk­es. Dermed var det duket for en ny pressemelding, som også ble fulgt opp av den internasjo­nale pressen, og kronekursen gikk ytterligere opp og renten ned. Dermed var sannheten om Norges relativt gode økonomi festet i den internasjonale opinionen så langt:

Investment in production v.s. bureaucracy

An interesting social experiment takes place in Scandinavia. Two countries, Norway and Sweden, with approximately the same type economic-political system and degree of anarchy initially, have chosen different connection to Europe. Sweden has joined The European Union, and Norway has not. A comparative analysis so far shows the following:

Sweden will invest approximately 2 billions US $ next year in net contigent to the EU-bureacracy, i.e. "for a seat in Brussel", while Norway will save about 1 billion $, which may be used for productive investments. The Swedish are discussing who's going to pay the bill. Perhaps somebody will try to put it indirectly on foreign investment etc. in Sweden, rather than pay it themselves? At the moment it seems like Norway is the most interesting for domestic and foreign investment. Better to invest in a stabil anarchy compared to a growing bureaucratic chaos.

Ja-siden la jo ikke inn årene av den grunn, og hver gang det har toppet seg, har vi stått på. Pr. i dag er det sendt ut 13 pressemeldinger, og vi har gode relasjoner til f.eks CNN og SKY-NEWS, som et pålitelig alternativt pressebyrå:

RELEASE UPDATE

11.11. SWEDEN AND NORWAY: SAY "NO"!

29.11. NORWAY SAYS "NO"!

30.11. INVESTMENT IN PRODUCTION V.S: BUREAUCRACY

30.11. TO CNN

30.11. TO CNN ONCE MORE

01.12. GENERALLY

01.12. AUTHORITARIAN JOURNALISM AT SKY NEWS (9.12.94 Not valid anymore)

01.12. ORDEN I ANARKIET

02.12. REFERENDUM & LIVING ANARCHY IN NORWAY

03.12. ÅPENT BREV TIL AFTENPOSTEN OG H. SKÅNLAND

04.12. STILL ANARCHY IN NORWAY - P.S. SKY NEWS HAS IMPROVED

09.12. THE NOBEL PEACE PRICE 1994

14.12. NEWS FROM THE LIGHTHOUSE - ANARCHISTS V.S. EU-PROLEFOOD

Meldingene den 30.11 og de to første fra 1.12 dreide seg om å rette opp anarkistbegrepet i den internasjonale pressen. Her brukte vi Oslo konvensjonen fra 1990 og tok utgangspunkt i konkrete reportasjer på SKY og CNN, og avsluttet med en generell utsendelse. På SKY måtte vi true med Brunt kort. Men da varte det heller ikke lenge før sammenblandingen av anarki og kaos forsvant. Det er i dag svært lite rot med anarkistbegrepet i den internasjonale pressen. Det gjelder som nevnt å smi mens jernet er varmt - og det har vi gjort til gagns!

Vi oppdaget fort at CNN, SKY-NEWS etc. er imponerende profesjonelle, og endrer/oppdaterer video"snuttene" og kommentarene på noen få minutter, når de får hint om mer korrekt informasjon. Og vi fant ut at det ikke er navn og størrelse på pressebyrået, men kvaliteten og vinklingen på informasjonen - som teller.

Konkret hadde CNN en reportasje den 30.11.94 fra Østeuropa, og brukte i denne forbindelse anarkistbegrepet feilaktig. Vi sendte følgende melding:"To CNN - Please stop using the word anarchy in an authoritarian way, an take into account the Oslo-convention of 1990:

ANARCHISM VS AUTHORITARIAN TENDENCIES

RESOLUTION UNANIMOUSLY DECIDED UPON BY
THE FIRST COMBINED IFA & FICEDL CONGRESS IN OSLO 1990

1. Authoritarians notoriously mix up anarchy, anarchist and anarchism with authoritarian tendencies: Chaos, disorder, mob rule, lawlessness, the law of the jungle, criminality, riots, theft, corruption, drugs, mafia, terrorism, autocratic rule, the right to the strongest, antisocial tyrannic behavior, etc., i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates.

2. The word anarchy origins from greek. The prefix "an" means "negation of" as in anaerobe versus aerobe, and "arch" means "superior, i.e. in contrast to subordi­nates", as in arch­bishop, archangel, archduke, arch villain, etc. Thus anarchy, anarchism, anarchist, a.s.o., mean coordination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, i.e horizontal organization and cooperation without coercion. This is the opposite of the above mentioned authoritarian tendencies, i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates.

3. The above mentioned mixtures of anarchist and authori­tarian tendencies are principal contradictions similar to the Newspeak slogan "peace is war" in Orwells "1984", and have correspondent repressive functions. Anarchists won't have any of that! For obvious reasons significant mixtures of anarchist and authoritarian tendencies should be denounced, i.e. as a general anarchist opinion, now and in the future. These actions may be taken on individual, municipal, national or inter­natio­nal level, dependent on the situation.

There is no anarchy in Eastern Europe at the time beeing. Countries with a relatively high degree of anarchy are, as an example, Norway an Switzerland*). Russia and its ramifications are good examples of strict liberalistic systems, which is close to chaos. This has nothing to do with anarchy or anarchism."

Og CNN endret opplegget umiddelbart til "kaos" og "markedsliberalistisk".

Vi fulgte opp med: "To CNN - You are improving!!! - T@nk you !!!. P.S. Just for information: The Bureacracy is all superiors, i.e. in private and public sectors. The People are The total population - The Bureaucracy. (The part of the people generally following and supporting the bureaucracy, that is the ramifications of the bureauceacy.)". Siden har CNN også tatt med kamp mot byråkratiet som en av hovedparolene for sin nyhetsformidling. I sannhet en fri presse - og ikke den fjerde statsmakt! (Forts. i neste nr.)


IJ@/FB 1(25)

ANARCHIST VS BUREAUCRACY ECONOMICS

I. The Superiors - political/administrative (rank) and/or economically (income), in public and private sectors - are for simplicity called the Bureaucracy. The People, i.e the Total Population minus the Bureaucracy! Anarchist Economic Accounting for Employment: The percentage change of employment is deter­mined by the change in 1. total demand minus 2. inflation and the rise in 3. productivity a.s.o. The critical question is to rise total demands sufficient more than the minusfactors, to achieve full employment. To rise employment, say 7%, it is necessary to change demand 13% if the minusfactors are 3+3 = 6%. This relation is practically always valid.

A. Demand is investment in production, environment included, plus consump­tion and trade surplus. Bureaucracy consumption is not value for money to the People. And trade surplus, say in Norway, is the same trade deficit to the rest of the world. The only sound wel­fare ground and pension fund is real invest­ment. You can't eat money, and inflation and fraud may more easy do away with net finance investment abroad. Domestic net finance invest­ments are all together zero. If the bureaucracy borrows from the people - or vice versa - is less important. Monetary pension funds and balanced budgets (pari politics) are mainly the economics of illusions... The most important, is to build the country by real investment in private and public sec­tors. The public sector is of course responsible for the public investments, and also the ramifications and framework for the private investments. We don't think the PM Gro H. Brundtland & Co have done enough to pro­mote in­vestment in this way since the EU-referendum. Demand management, including joint public and private ventures, information on desired rise in private demand, etc, via the press and other channels, is important.

B. Inflation and productivity: Today the OECD economies, Norway included, are probably far from their capacity barriers. In Norway, it was about 7% registered unemployment in january 1995 - some of it may be due to seasonal fluctuations. Besides, the labor force has diminished artificially since 1987, with perhaps another 7%, so it is plenty vacant labor in a dy­namic perspective. If bottlenecks should occur in some industries, there is always a helping hand from the unemployed in the bureaucratic chaos of EU, or domestic, in related professions, by bottleneck solving policy. No firm will have an employe doing nothing. How come the employers organization (Karl Glad and NHO) think it is impossible to have full employment in general...

Rising prices connected to increased demand (Phillips curve, stagflation etc) may be due to increasing market power created by a greedy bureaucracy in public and private sectors, when the opportunity knocks. This may also trigger off a price and wage spiral... When the bureaucracy costs BC and controls even more, the People are left with the national income minus BC, and manage even less... Cut back in BC, both the numbers of ranks and their remuneration, are important to control inflation, rise productivity and create welfare etc. for the People. The Rambjør case and the NSB strike (state railways), the Tormod Herman­sen case at Telenor, and the "incomedukes" in the financial markets are typical examples. There are lots of cases, and they are only the top of the iceberg. In the EU its even worse, much worse...

This dynamic market power problem is not a necessary relation between demand and inflation, it can be fought by tough customers, supply side compe­tition, public price and wage control, and industrial economic policy in general. The public labor market policy - say the work line from the PM Gro, Berge and Hanisch, is not working, unless combined with the necessary demand minus inflation and productivity policy. Job creating in one firm will just mean less jobs in other firms, if the factors in the anarchist economic accounting for employment are unchanged. This is the whole truth - and nothing but the truth ... on this matter.

II.. Stabile currency, interest rates, wages, money supply, taxes, balanced public budget, etc., are secondary factors of economic policy, and will not have any effect on employment unless it changes demand minus inflation and productiv­ity. Generally, to concentrate on the second­ary means, instead of the ends in the anarchist economic accounting for employment, is the economics and politics of illusions, typically for the EU bureaucracy. EU will never solve their problems through Maastricht and a Superstate. Especially, one single currency, with so many different economies, is giving away the most powerful means to reach efficient production, unless you wish to move people around as goods. The people do not want that. One of the major problems in the big countries such as Russia, China and USA, is the evil of a common money unit and currency monopoly, and the necessary lot of cross subsidies and taxation, i.e. bureaucratic chaos. Today and in the future - with electronic money and different types of local economic political systems - the optimal number of currencies is probably larger than before...

ANARCHISTS V.S. EU-PROLEFOOD!

Here in Norway the "self-thinking people" - inclusive the anarchists, are at the moment beginning to discuss the problems with import of the "1984" EU-prolefood. In Norway we can see what we eat, because food cosmetics and artificial colors is not allowed - and there is no fabric-agriculture. Of course this is a good thing, and in the interest of the people.

1. In the Anarchy of Norway, as you know from the EU-referendum, the People rule the parliament [a.o.t.via the debate in the public room, ed. no.] and not the other way around.

2. The PM and the ministers are related to a minority of the MP's, and thus are no [significant, ed. no.] government. The ministers are ruled by the parliament.

3. The symbolic king Harald is totally powerless. He is only the king of the social rock & roll. The king is an anarch - and not a monarch [in real terms, ed. no].

And this is good. People are satisfied and work well. It is safe to invest in Norway.

In the EU the bureaucracy of the private and public sectors is ruling - and not the people, and thus: The people are not allowed to see what they eat. Unhealthy fabric-agricultural food is covered by cosmetics and artificial colors. This is the prolefood of "big brother" in the "1984-EU".

And this is bad. People are scared. This is a serious attack on "full information and consumer sovereignty", a necessity for optimal market functions.

We think true internationalistic connections between Norway and EU demands respect for our opinion in this matter. We will not eat the prolefood of the "1984-EU". And the People of the EU should protest against the prolefood, and demand 1. to be allowed to see what they eat, 2. the fabric-agriculture to be restricted.

ANARCHIST 14 CARAT GOLD VS EU 9 CARAT PROLEGOLD

EU has proposed to rise the gold standard to minimum 9 carat gold, i.e EU prolegold. The minimum standard in the Anarchy of Norway is 14 carat. Just as the EU-prolefood standard Danish GØL is basically red colored fat + fat, i.e. it is not a salami, the EU prolegold is not gold. Don't try to sell the EU prolegold in Norway. It may perhaps be mixed up with counterfeit money, or forgery, and give several years in prison. The Norwegian courts sometimes mix up things...

AIT PRESS RELEASES ON THE ANARCHY OF NORWAY.

11.11. SWEDEN AND NORWAY: SAY "NO"! 29.11. NORWAY SAYS "NO"! 30.11. INVESTMENT IN PRODUCTION V.S. BUREAUCRACY;01.12. ORDEN I ANARKIET; 02.12. REFERENDUM & LIVING ANARCHY IN NORWAY; 03.12. ÅPENT BREV TIL AFTENPOSTEN OG H. SKÅNLAND; 04.12. STILL ANARCHY IN NORWAY; 09.12. THE NOBEL PEACE PRICE 1994; 14.12. NEWS FROM THE LIGHTHOUSE ANARCHISTS VS EU-PROLEFOOD; 23.12. KÅRE VS GRO; 24.1.95. ANARCHIST 14 CARAT GOLD VS EU 9 CARAT PROLEGOLD

ÅRSBERETNING FOR 1994

I 1994 holdt Økonomisk-politisk seminar 5 møter i vårsemesteret og 4 i høst­semester­et. Vårsemesterets tema var "alternativ økonomi" med sosial og økologisk vinkling. I høst­semesteret ble det holdt grunnkurs i anarkismen. Anarkistisk Universitetslag sto for utgivelsen av Folkebladet sammen med IFA-sekretariatet i 1994. FB kom med 4 news­letters. De tradisjonelle markeringsdagene ble behørig feiret. Det har vært en utstrakt korrespondanse med utlandet. Pressemeldinger ble sendt til de store pressebyråene hvor de ble tatt hensyn til.

1995

Folkebladet vil i 1995 i stor grad bli skrevet på engelsk da vi har en utstrakt korrespond­anse med utlandet. Siden anarkister er internasjonalt orienterte regner vi med at dette vil bli et minimalt problem.

Kontakt ØPS eller skriv til IFA-sekretariatet c/o FB pb 4777 Sofienberg, N-0506 Oslo.

Pengestøtte sendes til anarkistenes kampfond,

ANORG-FONDET, Oslo, postgirokonto 0814 3549128.

Uten støtte blir det liten fart på den anarkistiske aktiviteten; nesten all aktivitet koster. Send beløpet til ANORG-FONDET pr postgiro, og skriv hva det gjelder!

Husk å abonnere på Folkebladet! 50 NOK til postgirokonto 0801 5704846 (Norge).


IJ@/FB 2(25)

ANARCHISM ... SO FAR

The Anarchy of Norway is still going strong

Some time has passed on since the Norwegian People turned their back against the main economic political course of the social democrat government, at the 1994 EU re­fe­rendum. While the Norwegian EEC referendum in the early seventies gave a movement to the left on the economic political map, the megatrend of the late eighties and early nineties was a movement to the right and upwards. The EU referendum indicated a further jump in this direction, and thus the economic political system in Norway made a revolution­ary change, and passed the border between the marxist social democrat sector and the anarchist sector of social individualism. This of course is a major social event in the economic political world history. The actual situation is illustrated on the economic political map at the last page of this issue.

As showed on the map, a long jump further rightwards may result in a social liberal system, and a reverse tendency may give a retardation to marxist social democracy, but this is not the case at the moment, and thus the living Anarchy of Norway (AoN) is still going strong.

Although the system by now is significantly anarchist, i.e. within the Quadrant of Anarchism on the economic political map, it is somewhat far from the anarchist ideal on the top of the map. Thus, it is plenty of room for improvement from anarchist perspective, and by no means time for a break in the fight against authoritarian tendencies. The revolution must be fought permanent, in the daily life, to sustain and develope further. However, as long as a) Norway stays out of EU, b) populist and nationalist tendencies are put at place, and c) the left and right tendencies outbalance each other reasonable as by now, Norway will probably stay anarchist, and be a lighthouse for EU and the rest of the world.

Let's work together, on cooperative or individual basis, in media, political and economic organizations, to support the Anarchy of Norway and anarchist tendencies all over the world.

THE ECONOMIC POLITICAL WORLD MAP

The stars indicate the actual situation of the Norwegian economic political system after the EU referendum 1994. The system is more socialist than capitalist, and more autonomous than statist, and thus anarchist, although a bit distant from the ideal at the top of the map.

FREE PRESS VS 4th POWER OF THE STATE

Ver. 2.0

As a contrast to the governmental propaganda presented at New Years Eve, First of May, and other social events, we have made a "hard hitting" alternative to entertain and inspirit the hard working people of the domestic and international press:

A. The Economic Political World Map: There are four main forms of economic political systems, relatively different in the following way :



- Anarchism, with small rank and income differences, i.e. autonomous and socialist.

- Liberalism, with small rank and large income differences, ie. autonomous and capitalist

- Marxism, with large rank and small income differences, i.e. statist and socialist

- Fascism, with large rank and income differences, i.e. statist and capitalist.

Different perspectives, the feminist, environmental, intergenerational, subordinate positions due to lack of structure or organization, people on their knees or flat on their face because of drugs, etc; are included in the concepts of rank and income broadly defined. There are an economic dimension, and a noneconomic, constituting rank. The Superiors - political/administrative (rank) and/or economically (income) - both in public and private sectors - are for simplicity called the Bureaucracy. The People, i.e. the Total Population minus the Bureaucracy. Large rank and income differences give a low degree of anarchy, while small differences give a high. The numbers on the economic political map represents the authoritarian degree, which is 100% minus the degree of anarchy. Norway and Switzerland*) of today are countries with a relatively high degree of Anarchy. The degree of anarchy may variate from place to place, all over the world. What is your country? The four main forms of systems, i.e. quadrants on the map, is divided in 16 subsystems, i.e. sectors. Other names on sectors may be used, without changing the conceptual content.

B. Anarchist Economic Accounting for Employment: The percentage change in employment is determined by the change in total demand minus inflation and the rise in productivity a.s.o... and usually not by the PM's or Presidents. The critical question is to rise total demand sufficient more than the minusfactors, to achieve full employment. To rise employment, say 5%, it is necessary to change demand 11 % if the minusfactors are 3+3 = 6%. Investment in production, environment included, is one keyfactor here. Another is inflation: Today the OECD economies are probably far from their capacity barriers, and rising prices may be due to increasing market power created by a greedy bureaucracy in public and private sectors when the opportunity knocks. Cut back in bureaucracy cost, both the number of tanks and their remuneration, are important to control inflation, rise productivity and create welfare' etc. for 'the People. How can the press (and you) contribute in this matter?

C. In addition to this, Anarchism is, to put it a bit simple, the UN-Human Rights plus the Oslo Convention of 1990, "Anarchism vs. authoritarian tendencies":

1. Authoritarians notoriously mix up anarchy, anarchist and anarchism with authoritarian tendencies: Chaos, disorder, mob rule, lawlessness, the law of the jungle, criminality, riots, theft, corruption, drugs, mafia, terrorism, autocratic rule, the right to the strongest, antisocial tyrannic behavior, etc., i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates.

2:. The word anarchy origins from greek. The prefix "an" means "negation of' as in anaerobe versus aerobe and "arch" means "superior, i.e. in contrast to subordinates", as in archbishop, archangel, archduke, arch villain, etc. Thus anarchy, anarchism, anarchist, a_s.o., mean coordination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, Le horizontal organization and cooperation without coercion. This is the opposite of the above mentioned authoritarian tendencies, i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates.

3. The above mentioned mixtures of anarchist and authoritarian tendencies are principal contradictions similar to the Newspeak slogan "peace is war" in Orwells "1984", and have correspondent repressive functions. Anarchists won't have any of that! For obvious reasons significant mixtures of anarchist and authoritarian tendencies should be denounced, i.e. as a general anarchist opinion, now and in the future. These actions may be taken on individual, municipal, national or international level, dependent on the situation.

D. The media and reporters may act a) as a free press for the People or b) the 4th power of the state, support authoritarian tendencies and the bureaucracy, criminal or not, in private and public sectors; and give a negative and wrong description of anarchy and anarchism, mixing up authoritarian and anarchist ideas as and roles. We think a good reporter most be a part of the free press, and' not the 4th power of the state. The media may contribute a lot to a) more "self thinking" of the people, set the economic political agenda, act as whistle blowers, the economic political balances, oppose authoritarians and support the opposite, etc, and b) to improve the economic political systems: To create a steady movement towards a New World Order of Anarchy. What do you think?

E. The media should perhaps be a little more engaged in creating, instead of "tearing down". What do we want to achieve (ends), bow can it be done? What are our means? How can they be used most efficient, social costs vs benefits, what kind of projects are most optimal? How may a series of reports, comments, and discussion over long term, influence on the ends? Shall random social events manage the press, (passive reporting), or the press manage the social events (and to what extent, without manipulating)? The press of course have these functions today, but perhaps more or less somnambular, and it is relatively easy to estimate the revealed preferences of the different media networks, each seen totally. Reporters may think over their role in their own media network, and its total revealed preferences in this context ... and could it be improved?

Keep up the good antiauthoritarian work, fellows!


IJ@/FB 3(25)

ANARCHISM, STATE AND CAPITALISM

A comment on the economic-political map in FB 2(25)

Society is public sector plus private sector. This mix is a question of con­venience, and public sector should not be mixed up with the concept of government, i.e. vertically organized. Grassroots public service workers are not a part of the bureaucracy/government. The two sectors may be more or less horizontally vs vertically organized, i.e. relatively small vs large rank and/or income differences. There are an economic dimension, i.e. income (remuneration), and a noneconomic dimension, constituting rank. Although income often follows rank, it is not necessarily so. Economic political systems may be based on: 1. Small income differen­ces [= socialism] vs large [= capitalism]; and 2. Small rank differences [= autonomy] vs large [= statism].*) Thus, there are four main forms of systems and 16 subsystems [see Free press vs 4th power of the state and Economic political map, FB 2(25)]. Anarchists have discussed and suggested ideals and principles as a leading star (top of map), and anarchism is economic political systems more socialist than capitalist, and more autonomous than statist, i.e. relatively small income and rank differences.

The superiors in rank and/or income in private and public sectors are for simplicity called the bureaucracy. The people are the total population minus the bureaucracy. The state, defined as a social concept, that's just the bureaucracy. However, the political/administrative state, i.e. the part of the bureaucracy with subordinates in rank in their occupation (in private and public sector). This is the typical concept of state in anarchist science. Differences in rank constitute the degree of statism, see E.P. map. In this case the economic dimension of the hierarchy is left to the concept of capitalism. Furthermore, this anarchist concept of state, the "ranks above the grassroots", i.e. the system with superior and subordinate positions, must not be mixed up with the nonscientific "1984-newspeak" concept, interpreted as: 1. the country as a whole, which usually is a much too wide concept, and 2. the often too narrow view of the state as the federal or central public administration. By the way, any land needs coordination on country level, in some cases...

The media discuss political mapping, but sometimes a bit confused, because of lack of logical, scientific structure. This may reflect a lack of structure in political science, due to an empirical, and sometimes party political, approach. Anarchist analysis and research are based on a nomothetical approach as conceptual framework, and thus a more logical structure, illustrated by the economic political map (see FB 2(25). To understand the nature of economic political systems, theoretical and empirical, the following is an important theorem: (1) If a system moves rightwards from the upper, i.e. advanced, part of the social democrat sector, the system reaches the anarchist sector of social individualism. (2) And if it moves sufficient further right, it reaches the social liberal sector. (3) Thus, such an anarchist system is found in the middle between an advanced social democrat system and a social liberal.

Anarchism is typically found in the middle, and not, say far left or right. The above mentioned type of anarchy is not the ideal form with a degree of anarchy = 100%, at the top of the map. But still it is significant. To put it simple, anarchism is freedom without harming other peoples freedom, not freedom at others expense, economic and political broadly defined. The FB 2(25) newsletter should also be seen in the context of earlier AIT & ANORG-IFA material. A further movement upwards on the E.P. map, i.e. 1) even more socialism & autonomy, coordinate & self managed people, efficiency & fairness; and 2) less income & rank differences, subordinate & superior positions; is requested and strongly recommended.

*) The idea of socialism vs capitalism as "common vs private property right to the means of production" must not be superficially interpreted. Private prttmop. means exclusive rights to dominate others economically, i.e. a system with large income differences, and common prttmop. is the negation of this, i.e. a system with small income differences. Thus common prttmop. must not be mixed up with public sector, since it may include cooperatives, markets, private possession, self employed and private sector enterprise in general, i.e. if regulated compatible with small income differences. On the other hand, public sector may sometimes have a rich bureaucracy with exclusive rights as mentioned above, and thus be capitalist. A similar notion is valid for the degree of statism vs autonomy. The most important is the overall economic political balances of strength, not the private vs public sector & plan vs market mix.

BROWN CARD WARNINGS FROM APT

THE ANARCHY OF THE OCEANS

The "Labor party" administration, at NRK-Dagsrev­yen 3.8.1995 talks about the anarchy of the oceans, in the meaning of chaos. The anarchy of the oceans, it is the most extensive economic political system on planet Earth. Anarchy is freedom without harming others freedom, i.e. cooperation without coercion. Economic freedom at others expense, in the ocean, i.e. chaos and over fishing. When resources are scarce, horizontal organization is the means to avoid freedom at others expense, and secure the anarchy of the oceans. This may be done in at least three ways: 1. Public NGO, similar to the Swiss local direct democracy, among the concerned, 2. Economic democracy, similar to agricultural cooperat­ives, 3. Market of quotas, - or a combination. In all three cases, sanctions against "free riders" are a part of the solution... The International anarchist movement denounces this mix of anarchy and chaos by the Norwegian "Labor party" and NRK-Dagsrevyen.

Notoriously authoritarian spokesmen, reporters, etc., breaking the Oslo-convention of 1990 severely or several times, will receive a Brown card from the Anarchist Press Tribunal as a symbol of free criticism...

ANARCHIST ORGAN ?

The media sometimes present "Gateavisa" as an "anarchist organ", which is not true. "Gateavisa" is a "counter cultural" organ registered by itself, and support­ed economically by the Norwegian state, as a cultural periodical. Thus, it is not a political organ. The "counter culture" however reflects in various proportions marxist, liberal, populist, and anarchist tendencies, and so does "Gateavisa". Say, drug liberalism is not a part of the anarchist concept. Besides "Gateavisa" is a satirical paper, without defamatory power...

As far as we know the only mandated and publicly registered political organ of the anarchist movement is Folkebladet, and it is not supported by the state or commercial interests either. Anarchism is a political concept...

Having Kumbel's famous notion on joking in mind, we must ask the media to stop calling "Gateavisa" "anarchist organ", because it is not, and promotes chaos. The international anarchist movement denounces these authoritarian doings, and don't accept the use of the word "anarchist organ" in this connec­tion, which is disinforma­tion. Notoriously authoritarian reporters, spokesmen, editors, etc, breaking the Oslo-convention of 1990 severely or several times, will receive a Brown card from the Anarchist Press Tribunal as a symbol of free criticism...

FC 55 TERRORISM

The FC 55, "Freedom Club of 1955", called Unabomber by FBI, has notoriously been mixing up anarchy with chaos, terrorism and similar authoritarian tendencies. The Unabomber is a psychopathic killer and FC 55 also is a +3 code for IF 88, i.e. International Fascists, Hail Hitler, as in Zorn 88. The fascist tactic of creating chaos, falsely naming it "anarchy", and (later) call for the "strong man", is internationally well known. Among other cases, in Norway the DKP may be mentioned, in Germany FAP, Greece the MK & Enraged Wolves, a.s.o. These things are occurring several places in Europe and USA. Brown terror, sometimes with a dash of red or blue, is neither "freiheitliches" nor "anarchistisch"...

The international anarchist movement denounces these authoritarian doings, and of course don't accept the use of the word anarchist in this connection, which is disinforma­tion. Notoriously authoritarian reporters, spokesmen, editors, etc., breaking the Oslo-convention of 1990 severely or several times, will receive a Brown card from the Anarchist Press Tribunal as a symbol of free criticism..

ANARCHISM VS MYSTICISM 

Some Norwegian authors notoriously have been mixing up "anarchism" and "mysticism". To put it simple "anarchy" is "neither god nor master", i.e. the negation of "religious, divine and/or satanic power". Thus, anarchists may well discuss metaphysics, but the basic anarchist principle in this matter is atheism, because so far no significant evidence exists to reject this hypothesis...

To prevent "1984 newspeak" confusion and conceptual chaos, we will remind you of the following: Anarchy, anarchist, anarchism, etc, must not be mixed up with mystic and similar authoritarian tendencies. The international anarchist movement denounces this authoritarian mix, and of course don't accept the use of the word anarchist in this connection, which is disinforma­tion. Notoriously authoritarian reporters, spokesmen, editors, etc., breaking the Oslo-convention of 1990 severely or several times, will receive a Brown card from the Anarchist Press Tribunal as a symbol of free criticism...

The Oslo convention is the following:

ANARCHISM VS AUTHORITARIAN TENDENCIES

RESOLUTION UNANIMOUSLY DECIDED UPON BY
THE FIRST COMBINED IFA & FICEDL CONGRESS IN OSLO 1990

1. Authoritarians notoriously mix up anarchy, anarchist and anarchism with authoritarian tendencies: Chaos, disorder, mob rule, lawless­ness, the law of the jungle, crimi­nality, riots, theft, corruption, drugs, mafia, terrorism, autocratic rule, the right to the strongest, antisocial tyrannic behavior, etc., i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates.

2. The word anarchy origins from greek. The prefix "an" means "negation of" as in anaerobe versus aerobe and "arch" means "superior, i.e. in contrast to subordinates", as in archbishop, archangel, archduke, arch villain, etc. Thus anarchy, anarchism, anarchist, a.s.o., mean coordination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, i.e horizontal organization and cooperation without coercion. This is the opposite of the above mentioned authoritarian tendencies, i.e. different types of superiors and sub­ordinates.

3. The above mentioned mixtures of anarchist and authoritarian tendencies are principal contradictions similar to the Newspeak slogan "peace is war" in Orwells "1984", and have correspondent repressive functions. Anarchists won't have any of that! For obvious reasons significant mixtures of anarchist and authoritar­ian tendencies should be denounced, i.e. as a general anarchist opinion, now and in the future. These actions may be taken on individual, municipal, national or inter­national level, dependent on the situation.

The media may act a) as a free press or b) as the 4th power of the state, i.e. generally give a negative and wrong description of anarchy and anarchism, mixing up authoritarian and anarchist ideas and roles. "The Bureaucracy" as a class concept is all superiors, i.e. criminal or not, in private and public sectors. "The People" are "The Total Population" minus "The Bureaucracy". The part of the people generally following and supporting The Bureaucracy, that is the ramifications of The Bureaucracy. We think a good reporter cannot be a part of The Bureaucracy or its ramifications. Reporters and spokesmen, breaking the Oslo convention severely, or several times, will receive the BROWN CARD. Authoritarian journalism must be criticized in a relevant way!


IJ@/FB 4(25)

ANARCHISM:

IDEAL, PRINCIPLES & PRACTICE

I. Anarchist ideal and principles: The aim is more anarchist systems, i.e. a movement towards more human rights and the best of the ideals of the French revolution, fairness and efficiency, less rank and income differences. The word anarchy origins from greek. The prefix an means negation of, as in anaerobe vs aerobe; and arch means superior, i.e. in contrast to subordinates, as in archbishop. Anarchy, anarchism, anarchist, etc. are alternatives to, and the opposite of, different forms of superior and subordinate positions, non economic and economically: Political/administrative rank and economic/income hierarchies broadly defined and in real terms, i.e. respectively (1) statism and (2) capitalism.

* Thus: Anarchy, anarchism, anarchist a.s.o. mean coor­dination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, i.e. horizontal organi­zation and cooperation without coercion. The basic principles of anarchism are: The negation of authority and all of its power, hierarchies and juridical laws. Freedom, equality, solidarity, social justice, free contract, free initiative, atheism, antimilit­arism, internationalism, decentralism, autonomy and federal­ism, self management and libertarian communalism - from each according to ability - to each according to needs. These concepts and principles should be considered all in all, not partially. [NB! In general these principles should be interpreted consistent with the axiomatic principles (1) - (10) defining anarchy and anarchism in chapter IV.B. on the file http://www.anarchy.no/a_e_p_m.html, "The economical-political map", ed.no.]

* Thus: Freedom, i.e. free people, freedom without damaging the freedom of other people. Federalism without autonomy is not anarchist. Social justice means a) anarchist law and court systems, compatible with the negation of hierarchy, etc., i.e. alternatives to authoritarian juridical laws; and b) anti­militarist corps broadly defined, sufficiently strong to keep order and keep up the balances of strength, as well as stop militarism, intra- and internationally. Generally speaking, antimilitarism is not pacifism...

* These concepts and principles seen all in all, reflect different aspects of autonomy broadly defined, and socialism, as negations of statism and capitalism respectively. The basic social dimensions, (1) statism vs autonomy and (2) capitalism vs socialism, have many aspects. Different perspectives, the feminist, environm­ental, inter­generational, subordinate positions due to lack of structure or organization, people on their knees or flat on their face because of drugs, etc.; are included in the concepts of rank an income broadly defined. Religious and guru organizat­ions are principally considered as special forms of (political)/administrative rank and economic hierarchies, i.e. mainly based on psychological power & ruling techniques, and non atheist ideology. By the way, atheism without solidarity and freedom is not anarchist...

* Anarchism is not, and should not, be expanded towards a totalitarian system. Other kinds of hierarchies, say, in sports, games, etc., are, as long as it is fair play, mainly not relevant from anarchist perspective. Scientific validity is not a poli­tical/administrative rank question, and authority must not be mixed up with competence. This should not be forgotten in education & research, and economics & politics, broadly defined...

II. Practically speaking anarchy, anarchism, etc. are systems and human relations with relatively small economic and rank differences, i.e. more horizon­tally than vertically organized. However, the anarchist ideal at the top of the economic political map, i.e. with no such hierarchies at all, should not be forgotten as a leading star and standard for economic and poli­tical/administrative navi­gation. Say, two people stranded on an island, may cooperate without coercion to survive, i.e. anarchy, or act as superior vs subordinate, i.e. hierarchy and more or less chaos...

III. The geometry of economic political mapping. The EP map is illustrated on the next page. There are two basic dimensions for a system's coordinates: (1) A system may be wholly [1 = 100%] autonomous, wholly statist, or somewhere between; (2) A system may be wholly [1 = 100%] socialist, wholly capitalist, or somewhere between.

* The four corners: A wholly autonomous and socialist system is wholly anarchist, and located at the top of the map. A wholly statist and capitalist system is wholly authoritarian [fascist], i.e. located at the bottom of the map, where the authoritarian degree, the relative distance from the top of the map, is 100%. A wholly autonomous & capitalist system is located at the right corner [liberalism]. A wholly statist & socialist system is located at the left corner [marxism].

* The four edges: Wholly autonomous systems are located at the upper right edge, i.e. the autonomous edge. Wholly statist systems are located at the bottom left edge, i.e. the statist edge. Wholly socialist systems are located at the upper left edge, i.e. the socialist edge. Wholly capitalist systems are located at the bottom right edge, i.e. the capitalist edge. A wholly statist system is zero autonomous, and vice versa. A wholly capitalist system is zero socialist, and vice versa.

* The two borderlines and four quadrants: Half [½ = 50%] autonomous systems are located at the autonomous borderline, i.e. the parallel in the middle between the autonomous edge and the statist edge. All systems between the autonomous borderline and the autonomous edge are autonomous, i.e. significant. Other systems are statist. Half [½ = 50%] socialist systems are located at the socialist borderline, i.e. the parallel in the middle between the socialist edge and the capitalist. Systems between the socialist borderline and the socialist edge are socialist, i.e. significant. Other systems are capitalist. The two borderlines divide the map in four quadrants: (Top) Anarchism, i.e. socialism and autonomy; (Left) Marxism, i.e. socialism and statism; (Right) Liberalism, i.e. capitalism and autonomy; (Bottom) Fascism, i.e. capitalism and statism. The four quadrants are divided in four sectors each.

* Anarchy vs chaos: The basically authoritarian notion about "chaotic anarchy", is not valid. Anarchy is the highest form of social order, thus, "chaotic anarchy" is similar to "chaotic order" = "chaotic non-chaotic", i.e. a contradiction and meaningless. A system or society cannot at the same time be both anarchist and non-anarchist, i.e. chaotic. If a system is chaotic, it is not found in the anarchist quadrant on the EP map, but left, down or right. Anarchist policy is typically consistent, flexible, but not opportunistic, related to principles; while authoritarian policy typically is chaotic, opportunistic, conglomerate aggregates. Chaos is typically found at more than 67% authoritarian degree below zero, i.e. basically totalitarian systems. Don't forget the Oslo convention about anarchy vs chaos, see last page in this issue.

* The degree of anarchy is 100% minus the authoritarian degree, i.e. within the anarchist quadrant. Systems with authoritarian degree less than 50% outside the anarchist quadrant are semi libe­rtarian, i.e. not significant authoritarian, but not anarchist. Thus, mixed concepts as anarcho- capitalism, liberalism, marxism, populism, statism, chaos, authoritarian, totalitar­ian, etc. are all contradictions, inconsistent and meaningless. A system's coordinates cannot practically be located in two or more quadrants of the map at the same time. A system's coordinates reflect the system seen all in all, i.e. what is significant.

IV. A practical example: The history of modern Norway as an independent country, started with the breakaway revolution from the Union with Sweden, triggered by the 7.6.1905 declaration. The successful revolution of 1905 indicated a consider­able autonomous shift, i.e. less statism. However, it took 89 years before the system, after a major set back in 1940-45, and later many years charac­terized by marxist state socialism, in 1994 became anarchist. 28.11.1994 the marxist PM & Co's effort to break the domestic megatrend towards anarchy,

"

 

by establishing over national bureaucracy, was crushed by the EU-referendum. The Brusselsgang had to return, the Norwegian system made a revolutionary change, and passed the border to the anarchist quadrant on the EP map. 28.11.1995 marked one year of anarchy in Norway. The stars on the EP map indicate the actual situation of the Norwegian economic political system after the EU referendum in 1994. The system is more socialist than capitalist, and more autonomous than statist, although a bit distant from the ideal at the top of the map; see FB 4(24),1-3(25).

ANARCHISM VS AUTHORITARIAN TENDENCIES

RESOLUTION UNANIMOUSLY DECIDED UPON BY
THE FIRST COMBINED IFA & FICEDL CONGRESS IN OSLO 1990 [THE OSLO CONVENTION]

1. Authoritarians notoriously mix up anarchy, anarchist and anarchism with authoritarian tendencies: Chaos, disorder, mob rule, lawlessness, the law of the jungle, criminality, riots, theft, corruption, drugs, mafia, terrorism, autocratic rule, the right to the strongest, antisocial tyrannic behavior, etc., i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates.

2. The word anarchy origins from greek. The prefix "an" means "negation of" as in anaerobe versus aerobe and "arch" means "superior, i.e. in contrast to subordinates", as in archbishop, archangel, archduke, arch villain, etc. Thus anarchy, anarchism, anarchist, a.s.o., mean coordination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, i.e. horizontal organization and cooperation without coercion. This is the opposite of the above mentioned authoritarian tendencies, i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates.

3. The above mentioned mixtures of anarchist and authoritarian tendencies are principal contradictions similar to the Newspeak slogan "peace is war" in Orwells "1984", and have correspondent repressive functions. Anarchists won't have any of that! For obvious reasons significant mixtures of anarchist and authoritarian tendencies should be denounced, i.e. as a general anarchist opinion, now and in the future. These actions may be taken on individual, municipal, national or international level, dependent on the situation.

Arch villains may be first priority of anarchist social justice, but any villain is an arch against the victims. The media broadly defined may act a) as a free press or b) as the 4th power of the state, i.e. generally give a negative and wrong description of anarchy and anarchism, mixing up authoritarian and anarchist ideas and roles. The bureaucracy as a class concept is all superiors, i.e. criminal or not, in private and public sectors. The people are the total population minus the bureaucracy. The part of the people generally following and supporting the bureaucracy, that is the ramifications of the bureaucracy. We think a good reporter cannot be a part of the bureaucracy or its ramifications. Reporters and spokesmen, breaking the Oslo convention severely, or several times, will receive the BROWN CARD. Authoritarian journalism must be criticized in a relevant way! Keep up the good antiauthoritarian work fellows... Have a happy new year!

IJ@/FB 4(25) Appendix, not earlier published

APPENDIX TO ANARCHISM:
IDEAL, PRINCIPLES & PRACTICE
A comment on the economic-political map in FB 2(25)

A. DB 6.12: John O. Egeland talks about "det frie markeds anarki (the anarchy of free markets)". This is a marxist notion, and not valid. "Free markets" cannot solve the drugs, criminality, employment and environmental problems. They represent the right to the strongest and may easily be chaotic and economic & political authoritarian, and thus are not anarchy & anarchism. The private vs public sector mix is a matter of convenience from anarchist perspective. 28.11.1995 marked one year of anarchy in Norway. 28.11.1994 the marxist PM & Co's effort to brake the megatrend towards anarchy, with over national bureaucracy, was crushed by the EU-referendum, the Brussels-gang had to return, and Norway passed the border to the anarchist quadrant on the EP map [See FB 2(25)].

B. Anarchist principles and ideal: The aim is more anarchist systems, i.e. a movement towards more human rights and the best of the ideals of the French revolution, fairness and efficiency, less rank and income differences. The word anarchy origins from greek. The prefix an means negation of, as in anaerobe vs aerobe; and arch means superior, i.e. in contrast to subordi­nates, as in arch­bishop. Thus: Anarchy, anarchism and anarchist mean coor­dination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, i.e. horizontal organization and cooperation without coercion. The basic principles of anarchism are: The negation of authority and all of its power, hierarchies and juridical laws. Freedom, equality, solidarity, social justice, free contract, free initiative, atheism, antimilitarism, internationalism, decen­tralism, autonomy and federalism, self management and libertarian communalism, i.e. from each according to ability - to each according to needs. These principles should be considered all in all, not partially. Thus: Social justice means a) juridical laws of authority should be changed to the negation, i.e. anarchist law and court systems, compatible with the negation of hierarchy, etc., and b) an antimilitarist corps sufficiently strong enough to keep order and keep up the balances of strength, as well as stop militarism, intra- and internationally. Antimilitarism is not pacifism. Federalism without autonomy is not anarchist. Freedom, i.e. free people, freedom without damaging the freedom of other people; not "free markets", say, drug liberalism and more drug slaves broadly defined. Solidarity is important in this context...

In free contracting and negotiations: First agree on principles - later discuss details; may be a reasonable agenda. Anarchy, anarchism and anarchist are the opposite of different forms of superior and subordinate positions, i.e. 1) political/administrative rank, and 2) economic, hierarchies broadly defined, the two dimensions of the EP map. Religious and guru organizations are principally considered as special forms of (political)/administrative rank and economic hierarchies, i.e. mainly based on psychological power & ruling techniques, and non atheist ideology. These two dimensions may have many aspects, but anarchism is not, and should not, be expanded towards a totalitarian system. Other hierarchies, say, in sports, games, etc. are, as long as it is fair play, mainly not relevant from anarchist perspective. Scientific validity is not a political/administrative rank question, and authority must not be mixed up with competence. This should not be forgotten in education & research, and economics & politics, broadly defined...

C. Implementation and mapping: Practically speaking anarchy, anarchism etc. are systems and human relations with relatively small economic and rank differences, i.e. more horizontally than vertically organized. On a scale from 0-100%, anarchy & anarchism are less than 50% authoritarian. i.e. more than 50% anarchist. The degree of anarchy is 100% minus the authoritarian degree [see EP map; FB 2(25)]. However, the anarchist ideal at the top of the map, with a degree of anarchy at 100%, i.e. with no such hierarchies at all, should not be forgotten as a leading star and standard for economic and political/administrative navigation. Say, two people stranded on an island, may cooperate without coercion to survive, i.e. anarchy, or act as superior vs subordinate, i.e. hierarchy and more or less chaos... Don't forget the Oslo convention, about anarchy vs chaos: Somebody talks about "chaotic... anarchy". Anarchy is the highest form of social order, thus, "chaotic anarchy" is similar to "chaotic order" = "chaotic non-chaotic", i.e. a contradiction and meaningless. A system or society cannot at the same time be both anarchist and non-anarchist, i.e. chaotic. If a system is chaotic, it is not found in the anarchist quadrant on the EP map, but left, down or right...

Anarchist/order (significant), i.e. more than 50% socialism, autonomy and degree of anarchy, see EP map FB 2(25). A degree of anarchy less than 50% is insignificant, i.e. the tendency is authoritarian/chaotic. Chaos is typically found at more than 67% authoritarian degree below zero, i.e. basically totalitarian systems.The authoritarian degree, measured as the relative distance from the top of the map, may also be less than 50% a little left and right of the anarchist quadrant, but these are not anarchist systems, but semi-libertarian marxism and liberalism. Thus, mixed concepts as anarcho- capitalism, liberalism, marxism, populism, statism, chaos, authoritarian, totalitarian, etc. are all contradictions, inconsistent and meaningless. Anarchy & anarchism are one of the main quadrants, and a system's coordinates, cannot practically be located in two or more quadrants of the EP map at the same time. A system's coordinates reflect the system seen all in all, i.e. what is significant. Anarchist policy is typically consistent, flexible, but not opportunistic, related to principles; while authoritarian policy typically is chaotic, opportunistic, conglomerate aggregates... [See the Oslo Convention]


IJ@/FB 1(26)

ANARCHIST ALTERNATIVE TO MAASTRICHT

The municipality 'Stordal' in Norway had 0,0% unemployment in the autumn 1995. An anarchist alternative to EU's Maastricht criteria is about full employment, 2-3 percent productivity growth per year, and trade deficit less than net real investment. Unemploy­ment is real income forgone. To reduce private and public bureaucracy and its costs may be important to increase productivity (a), cut inflation, promote more real investments and increase production and demand (= Gross domestic product, GDP, nomina­lly), to create more employment (N). The employment growth is equal to the growth in total demand, minus inflation and produc­tivity hike (ln)¹. Say, to create 10% more employment, if the minus factors totalling 4 or 8 per cent, the demand must increase 14 and 18 per cent respectively.

Germany, the so called economic superpower of EU, had about 11% and increasing unemployment in 1995. May a high unemployment rate, as in EU, really be democratic, or is it a kind of majority dictatorship? A not unusual tendency: The more bureaucracy and power, the more corrupt. The ultimate corruption is to repress and crush mass unemployment by antifeminism, consentration camps and holocaust etc., i.e. left, right or ultra (nazi) fascism. State communism and conservatism may be strongly related to fascism in this matter. 'Gulag' and 'steinrøys sveltihjel' typically happen below 67% authori­tarian degree (see EP map). The horrifying lessons of mass unemployment, chaos and authoritarian systems until 1945 should not be forgotten. What is happening today? The authoritarian tactic of creating chaos, falsely rename it anarchy, and (later) call for the strong man, "people power" etc., is well known. Don't forget the Oslo convention about anarchy vs chaos and authoritarian tendencies!

Norway has had about half the unemployment compared to the more bureaucratic and chaotic European Union. However, compared to the other EFTA countries, the situation is different: In 1994 Norway had 5,4% unemployment, Switzerland 4,7% and Iceland 4,7% (source: UN-ILO statistics). Taking into account the large oil-export, the Brundtland-administration is perhaps not so clever with the labor market politics after all? Perhaps they should concentrate more on their self declared "job number one", i.e. full employment in general...

¹) Inflation is growth in price level (p); lnN=lnGDP-lnp-lna; ln is corresponding to ca % growth.

ANARKISTISK BIBLIOGRAFI 1996

Publikasjoner fra ANORG FORLAG

Rapporter nr 1-19 á NOK 50,- pr stk, nr 20 á NOK 100, nr 21 á NOK 300

1. Anarkismen i Norge I, 1850-1920    (ISBN 82-90468-00-8)

2. Ibsens Ikke-statsteori           (ISBN 82-90468-01-6)

3. Anarkofeminismen    (ISBN 82-90468-02-4)

4. Bjørneboes anarkisme          (ISBN 82-90468-03-2)

5. Husk Kronstadt        (ISBN 82-90468-04-0)

6. Anarkismen i Norge II, 1920-45       (ISBN 82-90468-05-9)

7. Anarkismen i Norge III, 1945-80     (ISBN 82-90468-06-7)

8. Anarkismen i Norge IV, 1977-83      (ISBN 82-90468-07-5)

9. Nordisk anarkistkongress I&II          (ISBN 82-90468-08-3)

10. Anarkismen her og nå         (ISBN 82-90468-09-1)

11. Anarchism on the Political Map       (ISBN 82-90468-10-5)

12. Antimilitarisme på anarkististisk vis  (ISBN 82-90468-11-3)

13. LOS i samfunnsperspektiv  (ISBN 82-90468-12-1)

14. Økon.pol. alternativer 1970-81       (ISBN 82-90468-14-8)

15. CNT - Anarkismen i Spania            (ISBN 82-90468-15-6)

16. Den anarkistiske materialismen        (ISBN 82-90468-16-4)

17. Anarchism, Technology & Freedom            (ISBN 82-90468-17-2)

18 Målstyring og horisontal org.            (ISBN 82-90468-18-0)

19. Anarki eller kaos. En guide til anarkismens grunnbegreper    (ISBN 82-90468-19-9)

20. AFA; Anarkismen for alle - begreper, prinsipper og praksis             (ISBN 82-90468-20-2)

21. Grunnkurs i anarkismen: AFA, Studiemanual og Register     (ISBN 82-90468-22-9)

VIKTIGE NUMMER AV FOLKEBLADET

(ISSN 0800-0220)

FB-magasiner 4/80-4/83 á NOK 30,-; FB-pamfletter 2/84-2/94 á NOK 5,- pr stk. "Mega Pakke" (alle angitte FB-nr) á NOK 300,-.

4/80 Anarkisme kontra marxist-leninisme.

3/81 Anarkismens relevans til dagens samfunnsproblemer, Hvem er egentlig anarkist ?, Reklame og sexisme.

4/81 Ibsens ikke-statsteori, Anarkisme kontra Rudolf Steiner og antroposofien, Anarkisme kontra marxisme.

1/82 Anarkofeminisme, Castros Cuba, Augustin Souchy, De marginale.

3/82 Anarkismens historie i Norge I, Anarki i Norden, Murray Bookchin og økoanarkis­men.

4/82 Anarkismens historie i Norge II, Nordisk anarkistkongress 1982.

1/83 Anarkismens historie i Norge III, Anarkofeministisk manifest, Anarko­syndikalisme.

2/83 Anarkismen i Norge IV, Direkte aksjon, Fredsbevegelsen.

3/83 Nordisk anarkistkongress I&II, Anarkistene mot rusmidler, Hedningsamfunnet, m.v. 4/83 Anarkismen her og nå, Radio Libertaire, Fredsaksjonen.

2/84 Nordisk anarkistkongress III, (ANORGs5.) i Oslo.

1/85 Bort med marxismen, pasifismen, terrorismen.

9/85 International Institute for Organization Research. (Institutt for organisasjonsforskning)

10/85 Horisontal organisasjon og SAS-modellen.

3/86 Anarkofeminismen.

15/86 Nordisk Anarkistkongress IV (ANORGs 6).

3/87 Nordisk Anarkistkongress (ANORGs 7).

3/88 Anarkisme kontra populisme og liberalisme

4/88 Anarkismen, Ap og Frp.

5/88 Anarkisme, folkeavstemming og demokrati.(& EF)

1/89 Nordisk anarkistkongress i 1988 (ANORGs 8).

2/89 Om Russland og Kina

3/89 Nordisk anarkistkongress 1989 (ANORGs 9). Folkeavstemming og direkte demokrati.

17/89 Forblendet av Blitz

1/90 Kapitalisme er tjueri - tjueri er kapitalisme

2/90 Provokatører og falske anarkister

3/90 Europa (Anarkistbiennalen, ANORGs 10 kongress-seminar)

17/90 Nei til EF! Folkeavstemning om EØS?

1/91 Marxisme kontra anarkisme - Marxismens sanne ansikt.

2/91 Anarkisme og antimilitarisme

3/91 Anarkisme og lov

4/91 Anarko-kommunale sysselsettings-modeller (AKSM)

1/92 Frihetens øyeblikk må konsolideres

2/92 Antiautoritært EF-opprør i Danmark

3/92 Litt anarkistisk økonomi - Anarkist­biennalen 1992. (ANORGs 11. k.s.)

4/92 Anarkisme kontra marxisme og terrorisme

1/93 En økonomi er sunn - bare i den grad den er anarkistisk

2/93 Anarkismens røtter - a propos hval og valg

3/93 Klasseanalyse - Autoritære partier med frihetlig retorikk

4/93 Innledningen til en samfunnsvitenskapelig revolusjon

1/94 Anarkisme kontra individualisme og kollektivisme

2/94 Anarkisme og lokalpolitikk

3/94 Anarkistene mot borgerskapets vrengebilde av anarkismen

4/94 Referendum og levende anarki

1/95 Anarchist vs bureaucracy economics

2/95 Anarchism ... so far

3/95 Anarchism, state and capitalism

4/95 Anarchism: Ideal, principles & practice

1/96 Anarchist alternative to Maastricht

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Informasjon om Anarkistisk Universitetslag (AU) og Økonomisk politisk seminar (ØPS): Se forelesningskatalogen for Universitetet i Oslo. AUs grunnkurs i anarkisme kan tas som fjernundervisning. Studiemateriell kr 300,- NOK.

Kontigent for ordinært medlemskap er NOK 300,-, ungdom under utdanning har 50% rabatt. Nettverks­ og støttemedlemmer betaler etter ønske og evne.

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THE ECONOMIC POLITICAL WORLD MAP

[Historical update: After the successful breakaway revolution from the Union with Sweden in 1905, it took 89 years before the system, after a major set back in 1940-45 with nazi overnational bureaucracy, and later many years characterized by marxist state socialism, in 1994 finally became anarchist. The PM & Co's efforts to break the domestic megatrend towards anarchy by establishing overnational bureaucracy, was crushed by the EU-referendum. The Brusselsgang had to return, the Norwegian system made a revolutionary change, and passed the border to the anarchist quadrant on the EP map. [This note omitted in the paperversion of this issue of IJ@/FB due to lack of space.]

The stars on the map indicate the actual situation of the Norwegian economic political system after the EU referendum in 1994, see FB 4(24) & 1-4(25). The system is still more socialist than capitalist, and more autonomous than statist, and thus anarchist, although a bit distant from the ideal at the top of the map:

"

 


IJ@/FB 2 (26)

ANARCHISM - THE LOGICAL STRUCTURE

I. The word anarchy origins from greek. The prefix an means negation of, as in anaerobe vs aerobe; and arch means superior, i.e. in contrast to subordinates, as in archbishop. Anarchy, anarchism, anarchist, etc. are alternatives to, and the opposite of, different forms of superior and subordinate positions, non economic and economically: Political/administrative rank and economic/income hierarchies broadly defined and in real terms, i.e. respectively (1) statism and (2) capitalism. Thus: Anarchy, anarchism, anarchist a.s.o. mean coordination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, i.e. horizontal organization and cooperation without coercion. The basic principles of anarchism are: The negation of authority and all of its power, hierarchies and juridical laws. Freedom, equality, solidarity, social justice, free contract, free initiative, atheism, antimilitarism, internationalism, decentralism, autonomy and federalism, self management and libertarian communalism - from each according to ability - to each according to needs. The aim is more anarchist systems, i.e. a movement towards more human rights and the best of the ideals of the French revolution, fairness and efficiency, less rank and income differences. These concepts and principles should be considered all in all, not partially.

II. They reflect different aspects of autonomy broadly defined, and socialism, as negations of statism and capitalism respectively. The basic social dimensions, (1) statism vs autonomy and (2) capitalism vs socialism, have many aspects. Different perspectives, the feminist, environmental, intergenerational, subordinate positions due to lack of structure or organization, people on their knees or flat on their face because of drugs, etc.; are included in the concepts of rank an income broadly defined. Religious and guru organizations are principally considered as special forms of (political)/admini­strative rank and economic hierarchies, i.e. mainly based on psychological power & ruling techniques, and non atheist ideology. Anarchism is not, and should not, be expanded towards a totalitarian system. Other kinds of hierarchies, say, in sports, games, etc., are, as long as it is fair play, mainly not relevant from anarchist perspective. Scientific validity is not a political/administrative rank question, and authority must not be mixed up with competence. This should not be forgotten in education & research, and economics & politics, broadly defined. Practically speaking anarchy, anarchism, etc. are systems and human relations with relatively small economic and rank differences, i.e. more horizontally than vertically organized. However, the anarchist ideal at the top of the economic political map, i.e. with no such hierarchies at all, should not be forgotten as a leading star and standard for economic and political/administrative navigation. Say, two people stranded on an island, may cooperate without coercion to survive, i.e. anarchy, or act as superior vs subordinate, i.e. hierarchy and more or less chaos...

III. The geometry of anarchist economic political mapping is illustrated on fig.1. Assuming two basic orthogonal dimensions, the political, i.e. statism vs. autonomism, and the economical, i.e. socialism vs. capitalism we identify four main economic-political forms. There are two basic dimensions for a system's coordinates: (1) A system may be wholly [1 = 100%] autonomous, wholly statist, or somewhere between; (2) A system may be wholly [1 = 100%] socialist, wholly capitalist, or somewhere between. The four corners: A wholly autonomous and socialist system is wholly anarchist, and located at the top of the map. A wholly statist and capitalist system is wholly authoritarian [fascist], i.e. located at the bottom of the map, where the authoritarian degree, the relative distance from the top of the map, is 100%. A wholly autonomous & capitalist system is located at the right corner [liberalism]. A wholly statist & socialist system is located at the left corner [marxism]. The four edges: Wholly autonomous systems are located at the upper right edge, i.e. the autonomous edge. Wholly statist systems are located at the bottom left edge, i.e. the statist edge. Wholly socialist systems are located at the upper left edge, i.e. the socialist edge. Wholly capitalist systems are located at the bottom right edge, i.e. the capitalist edge. A wholly statist system is zero autonomous, and vice versa. A wholly capitalist system is zero socialist, and vice versa.

IV. The two borderlines and four quadrants: Half [1/2 = 50%] autonomous systems are located at the autonomous borderline, i.e. the parallel in the middle between the autonomous edge and the statist edge. All systems between the autonomous borderline and the autonomous edge are autonomous, i.e. significant. Other systems are statist. Half [1/2 = 50%] socialist systems are located at the socialist borderline, i.e. the parallel in the middle between the socialist edge and the capitalist. Systems between the socialist borderline and the socialist edge are socialist, i.e. significant. Other systems are capitalist. The two borderlines divide the map in four quadrants: (Top) Anarchism, i.e. socialism and autonomy; (Left) Marxism, i.e. socialism and statism; (Right) Liberalism, i.e. capitalism and autonomy; (Bottom) Fascism, i.e. capitalism and statism. The four quadrants are divided in four sectors each, i.e. each of the main economic-political forms, 1. anarchism, 2. marxism, 3. fascism and 4. liberalism, illustrated by the four quadrants on the map, are divided into four subsections, called sectors, along the same dimensions.

V. The map indicates the degree of democracy concerning both the economic and the political/administrative dimension, taking into account the 16 subsections of the four main quadrants:
1. The anarchist ideal at the top of the map, with individualist anarchism to the right, collectivist anarchism to the left, and social individualist anarchism close to the middle of the map. 2. Marxist semi-libertarian collectivism close to the anarchist left; social democracy close to the middle, and the more statist, authoritarian and chaotic left-socialism and leninism (State communism) on the left and down. 3. Liberalism, i.e. social liberalism is close to the middle of the map, and individualism is close to the right corner of the anarchist quadrant. Conservatism, i.e. not social or liberal, and the extreme right are authoritarian and chaotic. 4. Left, right and ultra fascism (nazism and other very chaotic tendencies) are found at the bottom of the map, with populism close to the middle.

VI. Another important dimension is the libertarian vs authoritarian, the 'altitude' of the map stated by the authoritarian degree, AUT%. Furthermore 100% - AUT% gives the libertarian or anarchist degree. Assuming that the degree of statism and capitalism contributes symmetrically to the authoritarian degree, the contour intervals are indicated by the distance from the anarchist ideal, the top of the map. Anarchy is the highest form of social order, thus the erroneous statement "chaotic anarchy" is similar to "chaotic order" = "chaotic non-chaotic", i.e. a contradiction and meaningless. A system or society cannot at the same time be both anarchist and non-anarchist, i.e. chaotic. If a system is chaotic, it is not found in the anarchist quadrant on the EP map, but left, down or right. Anarchist policy is typically consistent, flexible, but not opportunistic, related to principles; while authoritarian policy typically is chaotic, opportunistic, conglomerate aggregates. Economic-political power corrupts, and total power corrupts absolutly. Conflicts among "states within the state", and olig- and other archical struggles and chaotic behavior, are well known. Chaos is typically found at more than 67% authoritarian degree below zero, i.e. basically totalitarian systems. Don't forget the Oslo convention about anarchy vs chaos. The degree of anarchy is 100% minus the authoritarian degree, i.e. within the anarchist quadrant. Systems with authoritarian degree less than 50% outside the anarchist quadrant are semi libertarian, i.e. not significant authoritarian, but not anarchist. Thus, mixed concepts as anarcho- capitalism, liberalism, marxism, populism, statism, chaos, authoritarian, totalitarian, etc. are all contradictions, inconsistent and meaningless. A system's coordinates cannot practically be located in two or more quadrants of the map at the same time. A system's coordinates reflect the system seen all in all, i.e. what is significant.

VII. The left-right dimension goes from 100% statism and socialism on the left wing, to 100% capitalism and autonomism on the right. The extreme left and right sectors (subsystems) are usually associated with an ideal state-socialist planning system (red statism) and a perfect competitive market system (autonomous plutarchy) respectively. The progressive-reactionary dimension is orthogonal to the left-right dimension. This axis goes from 100% socialism and autonomism as the most progressive, to 100% capitalism and statism as the most reactionary. Society is public sector plus private sector. This mix is a question of convenience, and public sector should not be mixed up with the concept of government, i.e. vertically organized. Grassroots public service workers are not a part of the bureaucracy/government. The two sectors may be more or less horizontally vs vertically organized, i.e. relatively small vs large rank and/or income differences. There are an economic dimension, i.e. income (remuneration), and a noneconomic dimension, constituting rank. Although income often follows rank, it is not necessarily so. Economic political systems may be based on: 1. Small income differences [= socialism] vs large [= capitalism]; and 2. Small rank differences [= autonomy] vs large [= statism]. Thus, there are four main forms of systems and 16 subsystems. Anarchists have discussed and suggested ideals and principles as a leading star (top of map), and anarchism is economic political systems more socialist than capitalist, and more autonomous than statist, i.e. relatively small income and rank differences. The superiors in rank and/or income in private and public sectors are for simplicity called the bureaucracy.The people are the total population minus the bureaucracy. The state, defined as a social concept, that's just the bureaucracy. However, the political/administrative state, i.e. the part of the bureaucracy with subordinates in rank in their occupation (in private and public sector). This is the typical concept of state in anarchist science. Differences in rank constitute the degree of statism, see EP map. In this case the economic dimension of the hierarchy is left to the concept of capitalism. Furthermore, this anarchist concept of state, the "ranks above the grassroots", i.e. the system with superior and subordinate positions, must not be mixed up with the nonscientific "1984-newspeak" concept, interpreted as: 1. the country as a whole, which usually is a much too wide concept, and 2. the often too narrow view of the state as the federal or central public administration. By the way, any land needs coordination on country level, in some cases.

VIII. The media discuss political mapping, but sometimes a bit confused, because of lack of logical, scientific structure. This may reflect a lack of structure in political science, due to an empirical, and sometimes party political, approach. Anarchist analysis and research are based on a nomothetical approach as conceptual framework, and thus a more logical structure, illustrated by the economic political map. To understand the nature of economic political systems, theoretical and empirical, the following is an important theorem: (1) If a system moves rightwards from the upper, i.e. advanced, part of the social democrat sector, the system reaches the anarchist sector of social individualism. (2) And if it moves sufficient further right, it reaches the social liberal sector. (3) Thus, such an anarchist system is found in the middle between an advanced social democrat system and a social liberal. Anarchism is typically found in the middle, and not, say far left or right. The above mentioned type of anarchy is not the ideal form with a degree of anarchy = 100%, at the top of the map. But still it is significant. To put it simple, anarchism is freedom without harming other peoples freedom, not freedom at others expense, economic and political broadly defined. This resolution should also be seen in the context of earlier AIT & ANORG-IFA material. A further movement upwards on the EP map, i.e. 1) even more socialism & autonomy, coordinate & self managed people, efficiency & fairness; and 2) less income & rank differences, subordinate & superior positions; is requested and strongly recommended.

IX. The idea of socialism vs capitalism as "common vs private property right to the means of production" must not be superficially interpreted. Private property right to the means of production means exclusive rights to dominate others economically, a system with large income differences, based on privileges or so called free, capitalist markets, i.e. plutarchy, and thus not anarchy or anarchist. Common or collective property right to the means of production is the negation of this, i.e. a system with small income differences. Thus, common property right to the means of production must not be mixed up with public sector, since it may include cooperatives, markets, private possession, self employed and private sector enterprise in general, i.e. if regulated compatible with small income differences. On the other hand, public sector may sometimes have a rich bureaucracy with exclusive rights as mentioned above, and thus be capitalist. A similar notion is valid for the degree of statism vs autonomy. The most important is the overall economic political balances of strength, not the private vs public sector & plan vs market mix.

X. Anarchy means without government, which is anything that is not anarchy related to the economic political map, i.e. marxism, liberalism or fascism: Different forms of vertically organized, i.e. chaotic included, economic and/or political/administrative relations among people. Anarchist systems and human relations are found in the main quadrant of anarchism on the map, and different forms of government systems are located in the main quadrants of marxism, fascism or liberalism. Anarchist systems may be more or less close to the anarchist ideal at the top of the map, i.e. without government at 100% or somewhat less degree of anarchy, i.e. within the anarchist quadrant. Furthermore, it reflects being without hierarchy in the meaning of large rank and/or income differences, practically or ideally, i.e. ordinary vs perfect horizontal organization respectively. The economic and the political/administrative coordinate should ideally be estimated in the best way, reflecting all relevant facts, aggregated in the most relevant way: 1. An estimate of economic democracy vs capitalism (plutarchy), and 2. political/administrative democracy vs statism.

Fig. 1. THE ECONOMIC POLITICAL WORLD MAP

The stars on the map indicate the actual situation of the Norwegian economic political system after the EU referendum in 1994, see FB 4(24) & 1-4(25). The system is still more socialist than capitalist, and more autonomous than statist, and thus anarchist, although a bit distant from the ideal at the top of the map:

"

 

 


IJ@/FB 3(26)


 ANARCHIST
INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION SERVICE
AT INTERNET

 The Anarchist International Information Service, i.e. the official IFA www-site, presents
the following information about addresses and content:
 
IFA [l'Internationale des Fédérations Anarchistes]'s e-mail address: ifa@anarchy.no
IFA's home page, i.e. URL: http://www.anarchy.no/anarchy/ [updated www.anarchy.no ed.no.]
 
You are welcome to visit the IFA www-site and send an e-mail from the web-site or directly from your own e-mail address. Join the IFA-Internetwork by contacting the IFA World Secretariate & Comission at e-mail ifa@anarchy.no concerning dialog, federalist mutual co­operation and internet links.
 
Now about the content: First, there is an introduction, explaining the logical structure of anarchism and the basic concepts and principles. Briefly defined anarchy is coordination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, i.e. horizontal organization and cooperation without coercion. This means practically or ideally, i.e. ordinary vs perfect horizontal organization respectively. Thus, anarchy means without government, which is different forms of vertically organized, i.e. chaotic included, economic and/or political-administrative relations among people (and not always the same as public sector).
 
Say, two people stranded on an island may cooperate without coercion to survive, i.e. anarchy, or act as superior vs subordinates, i.e. hierarchy, government, and more or less chaos. To be anarch, or to be an arch, that is the question... The concepts and different perspectives of anarchism are defined in real terms with the IFA-principles, the Economic­Political map, the Oslo-convention, etc., and as anarchy vs other -archies, i.e. economic democracy vs plutarchy (capitalism), and political/administrative democracy vs statism, broadly defined.
 
Secondly, there is a separate page of the Economical-Political map, where anarchism is one of four main quadrants, and based on socialism, i.e. the negation of plutarchy (capitalism), and autonomy, i.e. the negation of statism. Furthermore, the other 3 quadrants represent liberalism, based on plutarchy without statism, fascism based on plutarchy with statism, and marxism based on statism without plutarchy. Some mathematical anarchism related to the EP-map, i.e. The formula of anarchism, is also presented at a page.
 
Third, The Oslo Convention and updated news from the APT-branch of the International Anarchist Tribunal are among the pages. Information about the international Anarcoop book-shop, Anarchist University studies, IFA, and other news and comments, are available by e-mail to ifa@anarchy.no.
 
Fourth, the anarchist velvet revolution in Norway 1994 and beyond, i.e. about 53% degree of anarchy, is presented as an example of practical anarchism. The information is also based on anarchist class analysis, particularly the experiences and lessons of the Commune de Paris, the Russian revolution and the Spanish revolution...
 
The introduction to the logical structure of anarchism has eleven chapters:
 
I. Anarchy - the origin, anarchism defined and anarchist principles.
 
II. Anarchist concepts and principles considered all in all - different aspects of autonomy
and socialism.
 
III.The geometry of anarchist economic-political mapping.
 
IV. 4 quadrants and 16 sectors.
 
V. The degree of democracy and the 16 sectors.
 
VI. Libertarian vs authoritarian and anarchy vs chaos.
 
VII. The left-right and the progressive-reactionary dimensions. Anarchism vs bureaucracy and state.
 
VIII. The theorem of anarchism as the progressive middle in politics; social individualist
anarchism.
 
IX. Common vs private property rights to the means of production.
 
X. Anarchy vs government, hierarchy and plutarchy.
 
XI. Practical anarchism: The dynamics of the anarchist velvet revolution in Norway 1994.
 

NORDIC ABSTRACT - SAMMENDRAG M.V.

IFA - l'Internationale des Fédérations Anarchistes - er på Internett med egne hjemmesider. Dette er et seriøst alternativ til alt tøvet om anarkisme som finnes på nettet, hvor ufor­standige og provokatører av liberalistisk, nazistisk, populistisk og marxistisk type (bl.a. trotskister) blander sammen anarki og kaos. Men kaosmakerne får altså ikke herske uhemmet på internett... Anarkist-internasjonalens e-posta­dresse er: ifa@anarchy.no
 
IFA's hjemmeside, the Anarchist International Information Service, har følgende URL: http://www.anarchy.no/anarchy/ [Oppdatert www.anarchy.no red. no.]. Hjemmesidene inneholder for det meste nyhets- og kommentarstoff på engelsk, men også noe på nordiske språk.

ANARKISTENES INTERNASJONALE NETTVERK

IFA holder på med å bygge opp et føderativt nettverk av anarkister på internett. Hvis du har egen e-postadresse så send den til IFA's e-mail adresse. Har du egne WEB-sider så send URL'en til IFA. Slutt deg til IFAs Internettverk via IFAs verdenssekretariat & kommisjon på e-post ifa@anarchy.no, med henblikk på dialog, føderalistisk samvirke og utveksling av internett-linker.

GRUNNKURS I ANARKISMEN

Grunnkurset "Anarkismen for alle", kan nå tas som studium via e-post. Kurset koster kr. 300,-. Skriv til Anarkistisk Universitetslag c/o fb pb 4777 Sofienberg, N-0506 Oslo, eller via fb@anarchy.no - dersom du bruker e-mail. Dette kurset er tilpasset Norden, men det er også andre internasjonale kurs, bl.a på engelsk.
 
At the site of the confederal international anarchist tribunal, the Oslo convention is found:

ANARCHISM VS AUTHORITARIAN TENDENCIES
RESOLUTION UNANIMOUSLY DECIDED UPON BY
THE FIRST COMBINED IFA & FICEDL CONGRESS IN OSLO 1990

1. Authoritarians notoriously mix up anarchy, anarchist and anarchism with authoritarian tendencies: Chaos, disorder, mob rule, lawless­ness, the law of the jungle, crimi­nality, riots, theft, corruption, drugs, mafia, terrorism, autocratic rule, the right to the strongest, antisocial tyrannic behavior, etc., i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates.
 
2. The word anarchy origins from greek. The prefix "an" means "negation of" as in anaerobe versus aerobe and "arch" means "superior, i.e. in contrast to subordinates", as in arch­bishop, archangel, archduke, arch villain, etc. Thus anarchy, anarchism, anarchist, a.s.o., mean coordination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, i.e horizontal organization and cooperation without coercion. This is the opposite of the above mentioned authoritarian tendencies, i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates.
 
3. The above mentioned mixtures of anarchist and authori­tarian tendencies are principal contradictions similar to the Newspeak slogan "peace is war" in Orwells "1984", and have correspondent repressive functions. Anarchists won't have any of that! For obvious reasons significant mixtures of anarchist and authoritar­ian tendencies should be denounced, i.e. as a general anarchist opinion, now and in the future. These actions may be taken on individual, municipal, national or international level, dependent on the situation.
 
The media may act a) as a free press or b) as the 4th power of the state, i.e. generally give a negative and wrong description of anarchy and anarchism, mixing up authoritarian and anarchist ideas and roles. "The Bureaucracy" as a class concept is all superiors, i.e. criminal or not, in private and public sectors. "The People" are "The Total Population" minus "The Bureaucracy". The part of the people generally following and supporting The Bureaucracy, that is the ramifications of The Bureaucracy. We think a good reporter cannot be a part of The Bureaucracy or its ramifications. Reporters and spokesmen, breaking the Oslo convention severely, or several times, will receive the BROWN CARD from the Anarchist Press Tribunal. Authoritarian journalism must be criticized in a relevant way!


*) Switzerland became an anarchy (significant) in 1999/2000, but was close to anarchy for several years, also in 1994/95, and thus had a relatively high libertarian degree in 1994/95. In the updated theory of anarchism related to the economic-political map, outside the anarchist quadrant on the map, the concept libertarian degree is used, while anarchy degree is only defined for systems within the anarchist quadrant. However in 1994-1996 the term 'anarchy degree' or 'degree of anarchy' was used sometimes also for systems outside the anarchist quadrant.