THE ANARCHIST INTERNATIONAL
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR ORGANIZATION RESEARCH
http://www.anarchy.no/iifor.html - IIFOR P.B. 4777 Sofienberg N- 0506 Oslo - Norway
10 facts about anarchy, anarchism and anarchists
1. Anarchy and anarchism mean "system and management without ruler(s), i.e. co-operation without repression, tyranny and slavery". In short an-arch-y = [(an = without - arch = ruler(s)) - y = system (included optimal order and law) and management, as, say, in monarch-y]. Anarchy and anarchism are efficient and fair system and management without top heavy societal pyramid economical and/or political/administrative - in income and/or rank, i.e. significant horizontal organization - real democracy.
2. The Economic-Political Map
The anarchy degree is 100% - the authoritarian degree within the anarchist quadrant. (Esquerda means left, and direita means right. The star indicates the Norwegian economic-political system after the velvet anarchist revolution in 1994/95.)
3. Authoritarians notoriously mix up anarchy, anarchist and anarchism with authoritarian tendencies: Chaos, disorder, mob rule (narrowly defined), lawlessness, the law of the jungle, criminality, riots, theft, corruption, drugs, mafia, terrorism, autocratic rule, the right to the strongest, antisocial tyrannical behavior, etc. i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates, all in all ochlarchy (mob rule broadly defined).
4. The word anarchy origins from Greek. The prefix "an" means "negation of" as in anaerobe versus aerobe and "arch" means "superior, i.e. in contrast to subordinates", as in archbishop, archangel, archduke, arch villain, etc. NB! Any villain, ochlarch/ist, is an arch vis-a-vis the victims. Thus anarchy, anarchism, anarchist, a.s.o., mean coordination on equal footing, without superiors and subordinates, i.e. horizontal organization and co-operation without coercion - practically (significant, > 50% anarchy degree) or ideally (towards 100% anarchy degree). This is the opposite of the above mentioned authoritarian tendencies, i.e. different types of superiors and subordinates - in general ochlarchy.
5. Ochlarchy is typical with more than 67% authoritarian degree. Anarchy has equal to or more than 50% anarchy degree. Anarchy is organization in general without (significant) arch(s), but not without management. The influence on the management, economic and political/administrative, in private and public sector, goes in general more from the bottom - the grassroots - upwards than from the top downwards. At the middle-point of the map the influence from the bottom is 50%. At the top of the map, the anarchist ideal, the influence from the bottom is 100%, or the organization is without top, 100% flat. Norway, The Swiss Confederation and Iceland are anarchies of low degree (anarchy degree > 50% but less than 60% - "anarchist light"). Other countries are more or less authoritarian (significant, > 50% authoritarian degree).
6. Anarchists are against ochlarchy, but also against monarchy, oligarchy, polyarchy, plutarchy, matriarchy, patriarchy, hierarchy, etc. i.e. significant and in real terms, economic and/or political/administrative. All forms of significant archies should be done away with, practically toward ideally.
7. The State = government = authority/ies = archy must not be mixed up with public sector and the central administration. The State as a broad societal concept is archy, i.e. x-archy, where x can be anything but not 'an', that is top heavy political/administrative and/or economical societal pyramid (vertical organization). Statism is one dimension of the State and economical plutarchy, i.e. capitalism, the other. The State may also be an ochlarchy, etc. The public sector and the central administration, often wrongly called state or government or authority/ies in Orwellian "1984" newspeak, if significantly horizontally organized, i.e. without top heavy pyramid, are anarchist. A well functioning public sector and central administration are necessary for anarchy and anarchism. The State may be present in several forms both in private and public sector. Anarchists are against the State in general, both in public and private sector.
8. As mentioned x-archy, where x can be almost anything, but not 'an', is the State in anarchist theory and reality. Especially anarchists are against failed states, i.e. typically rivaling polyarchy/oligarchy with ochlarchy - chaos and ultrafascism. Failed states are States and most not be mixed up with anarchy.
9. Anarchists are of course for anarchy and anarchism as defined above, and against the State as defined above. Anarchism is the same as anarchy but also the political tendency that advocates anarchy and the knowledge about anarchy.
10. It is a fact that socialists (anti-capitalists) are divided in two camps, marxists and anarchists. It is also a fact that all authoritarian socialists are marxists, not anarchists. It is a fact that ochlarchy (mob rule broadly defined) is authoritarian. Thus it is a fact that anti-capitalist (socialist) ochlarchists are marxists, not anarchists, regardless of what they may call themselves or flag. The media and other persons should always report the facts in such cases, not falsely calling anti-capitalist ochlarchists anarchists.
More information? Feel free to take the Basic course of anarchism and other -isms: Click here!
Resolution, decided with general consent, by:
The International Anarchist Congress
The 15th Anarchist Biennial 23-25.11.2018
International Congress-Seminar on Anarchism
The AI/IFA network represents more than 50 000 anarchist world wide